Saliva microbiota differs between children with low and high sedentary screen times

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Engberg , E , Raju , S C , Figueiredo , R A O , Weiderpass , E , Rounge , T B & Viljakainen , H 2021 , ' Saliva microbiota differs between children with low and high sedentary screen times ' , Human Microbiome Journal , vol. 20 , 100080 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humic.2021.100080

Title: Saliva microbiota differs between children with low and high sedentary screen times
Author: Engberg, Elina; Raju, Sajan C.; Figueiredo, Rejane A.O.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Rounge, Trine B.; Viljakainen, Heli
Contributor organization: Medicum
Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki
Faculty of Medicine
Clinicum
HUS Children and Adolescents
Date: 2021-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Human Microbiome Journal
ISSN: 2452-2317
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humic.2021.100080
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340730
Abstract: This study examined whether the diversity, composition and functional capacity of the saliva microbiota differed between children with low and high sedentary screen times. We analyzed the saliva microbiota using 16S rRNA (V3–V4) sequencing from 193 children with low and 183 children with high TV/screen viewing times while sitting. Microbiota diversity was higher among children with low screen times compared to children with high screen times. Furthermore, microbiota composition differed between the screen time groups. In addition, we identified ten differentially abundant taxonomic groups, including Veillonella, Prevotella and Streptococcus, and five differentially present metabolic pathways between the screen time groups. Children with high screen times exhibited a higher capacity to synthesize the fatigue- and activity-related amino acids ornithine and arginine. To conclude, children with high sedentary screen (sitting) times exhibited a lower diversity and a different composition and functionality of the microbiota compared to children with low screen times.
Description: Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s)
Subject: Children
Microbiota
Screen Time
Sedentary Behavior
Sitting
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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