Networks of recruitment. : Fiscal-military operations to contract foreign soldiers for Sweden, 1605-1610

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340800

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Björklund , J & Schiavone , S 2021 , ' Networks of recruitment. Fiscal-military operations to contract foreign soldiers for Sweden, 1605-1610 ' , Northern Studies , vol. 2021 , no. 52 , pp. 53-97 .

Title: Networks of recruitment. : Fiscal-military operations to contract foreign soldiers for Sweden, 1605-1610
Author: Björklund, Jaakko; Schiavone, Sebastian
Contributor organization: History
Date: 2021
Language: eng
Number of pages: 45
Belongs to series: Northern Studies
ISSN: 0305-506X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340800
Abstract: This paper presents a holistic picture of a major operation undertaken by Sweden at the start of the seventeenth century to recruit foreign troops to fight in its wars. For this purpose, empirical data has been collected for all of the thirty-two identified recruitments undertaken between 1605–1610 from Western Europe. This data includes previously studied cases as well as hitherto overlooked French recruitments. Analysis of the multiple recruitments is broken down into three parallel processes - military, financial and diplomatic - which are looked at separately, and together. The focus is on recruitment via Älvsborg - Sweden’s sole North Sea port and fiscal-military bottleneck for the operation - from the British Isles, the Netherlands and France, comparing the recruitment from these different regions within the same operational framework. This integrated approach permits a more comprehensive study of Swedish recruitments than previous regional studies have allowed. Recruitment was dependent on international military, economic and social networks, as well as reliable and efficient partners that knew how to operate them. This paper argues that, although the preference was to use established networks, success of the delicate operation required adaptability and the capacity to renew existing ties and forge new ones. Building trust and reliability was crucial, since these attributes were needed to overcome many of the problems faced by recruiters. To arrive at this goal, a combination of contractual standardisation, operational streamlining and external guarantors were employed.
Subject: 615 History and Archaeology
Early Modern
Sweden
Mercenaries
Military recruitment
Network
Military entrepreneur
Diplomatic history
Economic history
Military history
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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