Spatiotemporal clustering patterns and sociodemographic determinants of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) infections in Helsinki, Finland,

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Siljander , M , Uusitalo , R J , Pellikka , P , Isosomppi , S & Vapalahti , O 2022 , ' Spatiotemporal clustering patterns and sociodemographic determinants of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) infections in Helsinki, Finland, ' , Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology , vol. 41 . < https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sste.2022.100493 >

Title: Spatiotemporal clustering patterns and sociodemographic determinants of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) infections in Helsinki, Finland,
Author: Siljander, Mika; Uusitalo, Ruut Jaael; Pellikka, Petri; Isosomppi, Sanna; Vapalahti, Olli
Contributor organization: Department of Geosciences and Geography
Department of Virology
Helsinki One Health (HOH)
HUSLAB
Veterinary Microbiology and Epidemiology
Veterinary Biosciences
Olli Pekka Vapalahti / Principal Investigator
Viral Zoonosis Research Unit
Date: 2022
Language: eng
Belongs to series: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
ISSN: 1877-5845
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340803
Abstract: This study aims to elucidate the variations in spatiotemporal patterns and sociodemographic determinants of SARS-CoV-2 infections in Helsinki, Finland. Global and local spatial autocorrelation were inspected with Moran's I and LISA statistics, and Getis-Ord Gi* statistics was used to identify the hot spot areas. Space-time statistics were used to detect clusters of high relative risk and regression models were implemented to explain sociodemographic determinants for the clusters. The findings revealed the presence of spatial autocorrelation and clustering of COVID-19 cases. High–high clusters and high relative risk areas emerged primarily in Helsinki's eastern neighborhoods, which are socioeconomically vulnerable, with a few exceptions revealing local outbreaks in other areas. The variation in COVID-19 rates was largely explained by median income and the number of foreign citizens in the population. Furthermore, the use of multiple spatiotemporal analysis methods are recommended to gain deeper insights into the complex spatiotemporal clustering patterns and sociodemographic determinants of the COVID-19 cases.
Subject: 1171 Geosciences
spatial and spatio-temporal epidemiology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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