Ecosystem services at the Archipelago Sea Biosphere Reserve in Finland: a visitor perspective

Show full item record



Viirret, E.; Raatikainen, K.J.; Fagerholm, N.; Käyhkö, N.; Vihervaara, P. Ecosystem Services at the Archipelago Sea Biosphere Reserve in Finland: A Visitor Perspective. Sustainability 2019, 11, 421.

Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View Description
Viirret et al. ... a visitor perspective.pdf 1.273Mb PDF View/Open Article
Viirret et al. 2019 supplementary 1.915Mb Unknown View/Open Supplementary material
Title: Ecosystem services at the Archipelago Sea Biosphere Reserve in Finland: a visitor perspective
Author: Viirret, Elina; Raatikainen, Kaisa Johanna; Fagerholm, Nora; Käyhkö, Niina; Vihervaara, Petteri
Publisher: MDPI
Date: 2019
Language: en
Belongs to series: Sustainability 2019, 11, 421
ISSN: 2071-1050
Abstract: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO’s) Biosphere Reserves aim to be flagships of sustainable landscapes. Many of them are important locations for tourism and leisure activities. We explored the perceptions of short-term visitors and summer residents on ecosystem services (ESs) tied to characteristic habitats of the Archipelago Sea Biosphere Reserve in Finland. During holiday season, we conducted structured on-field interviews with 74 Biosphere Reserve visitors. From these data, we gained information on the visitors’ appreciation of different ESs and the selected habitats. We also derived habitat-specific ES profiles. Excluding the reedbeds, most habitats were both highly valued and considered as important producers of the listed ESs. The derived ES profiles were partially overlapping and inclined towards appreciation of cultural services, and the importance of scenery was highlighted. Provisioning services were not particularly appreciated. We discovered several linkages among biodiversity, ESs, and recreational land uses. Certain habitats were found to be in need of protection under high recreational land-use pressure, but also potential synergies were found. Our method introduces an important socio-cultural perspective into the region’s land management that aims to find a balance between the protection of the Biosphere Reserve’s unique biodiversity and the need to support sustainable local livelihoods and tourism.
Subject: Baltic Sea
habitat type
ecosystem service
UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
biosphere reserve
Subject (ysa): biodiversiteetti
luonnon monimuotoisuus
vapaa-ajan asukkaat
Rights: CC BY 4.0

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record