Real‐time 3‐D modeling of the ground electric field due to space weather events. A concept and its validation

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Title: Real‐time 3‐D modeling of the ground electric field due to space weather events. A concept and its validation
Author: Kruglyakov, Mikhail; Kuvshinov, Alexey; Marshalko, Elena
Contributor organization: Ilmatieteen laitos
Finnish Meteorological Institute
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Date: 2022
Language: en
Belongs to series: Space weather: the international journal of research and applications
ISSN: 1542-7390
Abstract: We present a methodology that allows researchers to simulate in real time the spatiotemporal dynamics of the ground electric field (GEF) in a given 3-D conductivity model of the Earth based on continuously augmented data on the spatiotemporal evolution of the inducing source. The formalism relies on the factorization of the source by spatial modes (SM) and time series of respective expansion coefficients and exploits precomputed GEF kernels generated by corresponding SM. To validate the formalism, we invoke a high-resolution 3-D conductivity model of Fennoscandia and consider a realistic source built using the Spherical Elementary Current Systems (SECS) method as applied to magnetic field data from the International Monitor for Auroral Geomagnetic Effect network of observations. The factorization of the SECS-recovered source is then performed using the principal component analysis. Eventually, we show that the GEF computation at a given time instant on a 512 × 512 grid requires less than 0.025 s provided that GEF kernels due to pre-selected SM are computed in advance. Taking the 7–8 September 2017 geomagnetic storm as a space weather event, we show that real-time high-resolution 3-D modeling of the GEF is feasible. This opens a practical opportunity for GEF (and eventually geomagnetically induced currents) nowcasting and forecasting.
Subject: ground electric field (GEF)
3-D conductivity model
augmented data
spatiotemporal evolution
Rights: CC BY 4.0

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