Outcomes of Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction Surgery Converted into Balloon Dilation and Silicone Intubation due to Probing Difficulty

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Sagiv , O Y , Nemet , A , Achiron , A , Neumann , D , Tuuminen , R & Spierer , O 2022 , ' Outcomes of Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction Surgery Converted into Balloon Dilation and Silicone Intubation due to Probing Difficulty ' , Journal of ophthalmology , vol. 2022 , 4045789 . https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/4045789

Title: Outcomes of Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction Surgery Converted into Balloon Dilation and Silicone Intubation due to Probing Difficulty
Author: Sagiv, Oren Yaakov; Nemet, Achia; Achiron, Asaf; Neumann, Doron; Tuuminen, Raimo; Spierer, Oriel
Contributor organization: Clinicum
HUS Head and Neck Center
University of Helsinki
Kymsote – Social and Health Services in Kymenlaakso
Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology
Date: 2022-03-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Journal of ophthalmology
ISSN: 2090-004X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/4045789
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/343092
Abstract: Background. To report the outcomes of balloon catheter dilatation and silicone intubation as a sequential secondary surgery under the same anesthesia, a stepwise approach for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) when probing and irrigation as primary procedure fails. Methods. A retrospective study included children with NLDO who underwent probing and irrigation only, and those who underwent in the same surgery under anesthesia, adjunct balloon catheter dilation and silicone intubation due to difficulty of the probe passage or fluid regurgitation from the punctum. The primary outcome was surgical success defined as resolution of preoperative symptoms and signs at 1 month. Results. A total of 105 NLDO cases were included. Eighty-four cases underwent probing and irrigation only, whereas 21 cases required balloon dilation and silicone intubation consecutively after the first procedure. Patient age at surgery was higher for those requiring balloon dilatation and intubation (30.3 +/- 8.0 months) when compared to those with probing and irrigation only (22.4 +/- 10.3 months, p < 0.001). The onset of symptoms, preoperative clinical findings regarding tearing and discharge and gender distribution of patients were comparable between the two groups. During the follow-up, the overall success rate for probing and irrigation only was 76.2% (64 out of 84 cases) and for balloon dilatation and silicone tube intubation was 90.5% (19 out of 21 cases). Conclusions. The surgical team may prepare to proceed with secondary surgery under the same anesthesia after the initial attempt of probing and irrigation. This stepwise two-stage approach in patients with congenital NLDO failing primary surgery resulted in a high success rate with minimal interventions, avoiding repeated general anesthesia.
Subject: SUCCESS RATES
3125 Otorhinolaryngology, ophthalmology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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