Interplay of policy experimentation and institutional change in sustainability transitions: The case of mobility as a service in Finland

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dc.contributor.author Kivimaa, Paula
dc.contributor.author Rogge, Karoline S.
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-04T17:18:26Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-04T17:18:26Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Paula Kivimaa, Karoline S. Rogge. Interplay of policy experimentation and institutional change in sustainability transitions: The case of mobility as a service in Finland. Research Policy volume 51, issue 1 (2022), 104412, ISSN 0048-7333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2021.104412
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/343316
dc.description Highlights • Focus on policy experimentation and institutional change in transitions. • Two types of policy experiments identified in relation to innovation policy. • An in-depth case study of mobility as a service (MaaS) in Finland is presented. • Institutional change enables conducive context for policy experimentation. • Learning from policy experimentation can push transformative institutional change.
dc.description.abstract While experimentation is at the heart of sustainability transitions, little attention has been paid to policy experimentation and its effects in advancing transitions. Drawing on the literatures on policy experimentation and institutional change in the context of sustainability transitions, we analyse an in-depth case study of the development of Mobility as a Service (MaaS) in Finland – one of the first countries globally to advance MaaS by government support. Our findings show how a potentially disruptive innovation, MaaS, can be traced back to a longer process of administrative reorientation and restructuring, i.e. gradual transformation in institutions, and has benefitted from cycles of policy experimentation, combined with the sequencing of policy strategies and further changes in the policy mix. Administrative restructuring has enabled policy experimentation that has led - via new vision building, networking and learning - to major regulatory change allowing market creation for MaaS. We conclude that the dynamics of policy mixes in transitions are influenced by short-term policy experimentation and long-term institutional change. More generally, institutional change is vital for enabling a favourable context for policy experimentation in sustainability transitions that in turn provides cognitive and normative learning to inform further institutional change.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Research Policy
dc.rights CC BY 4.0
dc.subject kestävä kehitys
dc.subject muutos
dc.subject innovaatiot
dc.subject politiikka
dc.subject kokeilu
dc.subject tapaustutkimus
dc.subject liikenne
dc.subject kulkutavat
dc.subject kuljetus
dc.subject palvelut
dc.subject Suomi
dc.title Interplay of policy experimentation and institutional change in sustainability transitions: The case of mobility as a service in Finland
dc.format.volume 51
dc.format.issue 1
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi-fe2022050432740
dc.subject.yso innovation policy
dc.subject.yso sustainability transitions
dc.subject.yso policy experiments
dc.subject.yso transport
dc.subject.yso mobility-as-a-service
dc.subject.yso MaaS
dc.subject.yso Finland
dc.contributor.organization Suomen ympäristökeskus fi
dc.contributor.organization The Finnish Environment Institute en
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2021.104412
dc.relation.issn 0048-7333
dc.relation.issn 1873-7625
dc.type.okm A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.type.okm A1 Journal article (refereed), original research en

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