Land use change to reduce freshwater nitrogen and phosphorus will be effective even with projected climate change

Näytä kaikki kuvailutiedot



Pysyväisosoite

http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi-fe2022050532803 http://hdl.handle.net/10138/343324

Lähdeviite

Wade, A.J.; Skeffington, R.A.; Couture, R.-M.; Erlandsson Lampa, M.; Groot, S.; Halliday, S.J.; Harezlak, V.; Hejzlar, J.; Jackson-Blake, L.A.; Lepistö, A.; Papastergiadou, E.; Riera, J.L.; Rankinen, K.; Shahgedanova, M.; Trolle, D.; Whitehead, P.G.; Psaltopoulos, D.; Skuras, D. Land use change to reduce freshwater nitrogen and phosphorus will be effective even with projected climate change. Water 2022, 14, 829. https://doi.org/10.3390/w14050829

Tiedostot

Latausmäärä yhteensä: Ladataan...

Tiedosto(t) Koko Formaatti Näytä
Wade et al. 202 ... ojected climate change.pdf 3.550MB PDF Avaa tiedosto
Julkaisun nimi: Land use change to reduce freshwater nitrogen and phosphorus will be effective even with projected climate change
Tekijä: Wade, Andrew J.; Skeffington, Richard A.; Couture, Raoul-Marie; Erlandsson Lampa, Martin; Groot, Simon; Halliday, Sarah J.; Harezlak, Valesca; Hejzlar, Josef; Jackson-Blake, Leah A.; Lepistö, Ahti; Papastergiadou, Eva; Riera, Joan Lluís; Rankinen, Katri; Shahgedanova, Maria; Trolle, Dennis; Whitehead, Paul G.; Psaltopoulos, Demetris; Skuras, Dimitris
Tekijän organisaatio: Suomen ympäristökeskus
The Finnish Environment Institute
Julkaisija: MDPI AG
Päiväys: 2022
Kieli: en
Kuuluu julkaisusarjaan: Water
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI-tunniste: https://doi.org/10.3390/w14050829
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi-fe2022050532803
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/343324
Tiivistelmä: Recent studies have demonstrated that projected climate change will likely enhance nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) loss from farms and farmland, with the potential to worsen freshwater eutrophication. Here, we investigate the relative importance of the climate and land use drivers of nutrient loss in nine study catchments in Europe and a neighboring country (Turkey), ranging in area from 50 to 12,000 km2. The aim was to quantify whether planned large-scale, land use change aimed at N and P loss reduction would be effective given projected climate change. To this end, catchment-scale biophysical models were applied within a common framework to quantify the integrated effects of projected changes in climate, land use (including wastewater inputs), N deposition, and water use on river and lake water quantity and quality for the mid-21st century. The proposed land use changes were derived from catchment stakeholder workshops, and the assessment quantified changes in mean annual N and P concentrations and loads. At most of the sites, the projected effects of climate change alone on nutrient concentrations and loads were small, whilst land use changes had a larger effect and were of sufficient magnitude that, overall, a move to more environmentally focused farming achieved a reduction in N and P concentrations and loads despite projected climate change. However, at Beyşehir lake in Turkey, increased temperatures and lower precipitation reduced water flows considerably, making climate change, rather than more intensive nutrient usage, the greatest threat to the freshwater ecosystem. Individual site responses did however vary and were dependent on the balance of diffuse and point source inputs. Simulated lake chlorophyll-a changes were not generally proportional to changes in nutrient loading. Further work is required to accurately simulate the flow and water quality extremes and determine how reductions in freshwater N and P translate into an aquatic ecosystem response.
Avainsanat: vesiensuojelu
vesistöt
vedenlaatu
ilmastonmuutokset
ravinteet
typpi
fosfori
klorofylli
huuhtoutuminen
rehevöityminen
joet
järvet
Turkki
Eurooppa
Asiasanat (yso): water quality
eutrophication
Europe
Turkey
river
lake
nitrogen
phosphorus
chlorophyll
Tekijänoikeustiedot: CC BY 4.0


Viite kuuluu kokoelmiin:

Näytä kaikki kuvailutiedot