Semi-natural habitats in the European boreal region : Caught in the socio-ecological extinction vortex?

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/345506

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Herzon , I , Raatikainen , K J , Helm , A , Rusina , S , Wehn , S & Eriksson , O 2022 , ' Semi-natural habitats in the European boreal region : Caught in the socio-ecological extinction vortex? ' , Ambio , vol. 51 , pp. 1753-1763 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-022-01705-3

Title: Semi-natural habitats in the European boreal region : Caught in the socio-ecological extinction vortex?
Author: Herzon, Irina; Raatikainen, Kaisa J.; Helm, Aveliina; Rusina, Solvita; Wehn, Solvi; Eriksson, Ove
Contributor organization: Department of Agricultural Sciences
Plant Production Sciences
Date: 2022-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Ambio
ISSN: 0044-7447
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-022-01705-3
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/345506
Abstract: We propose to consider semi-natural habitats-hotspots for biodiversity-being caught in a socio-ecological extinction vortex, similar to the phenomenon described for species threatened with extinction. These habitats are essentially socioecological systems, in which socioeconomic drivers are interlinked with ecological processes. We identify four highly interlinked and mutually reinforcing socio-economic processes, pertaining to the importance of semi-natural habitats for (i) agricultural production, (ii) policy, research and development; (iii) vocational education in the fields of agricultural sciences and (iv) public's experiences with semi-natural habitats. Evidence from six countries in the boreal region demonstrates that recent slowing down or even reversal of two processes are insufficient to stop the extinction vortex phenomenon. We suggest research directions to ascertain the phenomenon, monitor its development and develop proactive actions to weaken the vortex. It is highly plausible that interventions directed at most, if not all, of the key vortex processes are needed to reverse the overall deteriorating trends of a socio-ecological system.
Subject: Agriculture
Biodiversity
Conservation
Farmland
Socio-ecological systems
PLANT-SPECIES RICHNESS
BIODIVERSITY MANAGEMENT
CONSERVATION
GRASSLANDS
LANDSCAPE
ECOSYSTEM
CONSEQUENCES
PERCEPTIONS
PASTURE
1172 Environmental sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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