The Differences and Similarities between Curiosity and Interest: Meta-analysis and Network Analyses

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Tang , X , Renninger , K A , Hidi , S E , Murayama , K , Lavonen , J & Salmela-Aro , K 2022 , ' The Differences and Similarities between Curiosity and Interest: Meta-analysis and Network Analyses ' , Learning and Instruction , vol. 80 , 101628 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2022.101628

Title: The Differences and Similarities between Curiosity and Interest: Meta-analysis and Network Analyses
Author: Tang, Xin; Renninger, K. Ann; Hidi, Suzanne E.; Murayama, Kou; Lavonen, Jari; Salmela-Aro, Katariina
Contributor organization: Minds Hub
Faculty of Educational Sciences
Maker@STEAM
Date: 2022-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Learning and Instruction
ISSN: 0959-4752
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2022.101628
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/345665
Abstract: Three studies on the relationship between curiosity and interest are reported. The first study was a meta-analysis that examined the Pearson correlations between scales assessing curiosity and interest. Based on 24 studies (31 effect sizes), we found that the curiosity scales correlated with the interest scales at a moderate level (r = 0.53), but they had extremely high heterogeneity. The second and third studies applied network analyses (i.e., co occurrence analysis and correlation-based analysis) to data that was collected using experience sampling method. Across the studies, we found that while the feelings of curiosity reflected feelings of inquisitiveness, the feelings of interest were aligned with positive affect such as enjoyment and happiness. Importantly, an asymmetrical pattern also was found in curiosity-interest co-occurrences: when feelings of curiosity occurred, the co occurrence of feelings of interest was highly likely, but not so vice versa. Overall, our findings suggest that feelings of curiosity are special cases of feelings of interest that pertain to knowledge acquisition. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Subject: Curiosity
EMOTIONS
Epistemic emotion
Experience sampling method
Interest
Network analysis
PSYCHOLOGY
RECALL
SCHOOL
SCIENCE CURIOSITY
SITUATIONAL INTEREST
516 Educational sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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