The burden of mental disorders, substance use disorders and self-harm among young people in Europe, 1990-2019 : Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

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Castelpietra , G , Knudsen , A K S , Agardh , E E , Armocida , B , Beghi , M , Iburg , K M , Logroscino , G , Ma , R , Starace , F , Steel , N , Addolorato , G , Andrei , C L , Andrei , T , Ayuso-Mateos , J L , Banach , M , Barnighausen , T W , Barone-Adesi , F , Bhagavathula , A S , Carvalho , F , Carvalho , M , Chandan , J S , Chattu , V K , Couto , R A S , Cruz-Martins , N , Dargan , P , Deuba , K , da Silva , D D , Fagbamigbe , A F , Fernandes , E , Ferrara , P , Fischer , F , Gaal , P A , Gialluisi , A , Haagsma , J A , Haro , J M , Hasan , M T , Hasan , S S , Hostiuc , S , Iacoviello , L , Iavicoli , I , Jamshidi , E , Jonas , J B , Joo , T , Jozwiak , J J , Katikireddi , S V , Kauppila , J H , Khan , M A B , Kisa , A , Kisa , S , Kivimäki , M , Koly , K N , Koyanagi , A , Kumar , M , Lallukka , T , Langguth , B , Ledda , C , Lee , P H , Lega , I , Linehan , C , Loureiro , J A , Madureira-Carvalho , A M , Martinez-Raga , J , Mathur , M R , McGrath , J J , Mechili , E A , Mentis , A-F A , Mestrovic , T , Miazgowski , B , Mirica , A , Mirijello , A , Moazen , B , Mohammed , S , Mulita , F , Nagel , G , Negoi , I , Negoi , R I , Nwatah , V E , Padron-Monedero , A , Panda-Jonas , S , Pardhan , S , Pasovic , M , Patel , J , Petcu , I-R , Pinheiro , M , Pollok , R C G , Postma , M J , Rawaf , D L , Rawaf , S , Romero-Rodriguez , E , Ronfani , L , Sagoe , D , Sanmarchi , F , Schaub , M P , Sharew , N T , Shiri , R , Shokraneh , F , Sigfusdottir , I D , Silva , J P , Silva , R , Socea , B , Szocska , M , Tabares-Seisdedos , R , Torrado , M , Tovani-Palone , M R , Vasankari , T J , Veroux , M , Viner , R M , Werdecker , A , Winkler , A S , Hay , S , Ferrari , A J , Naghavi , M , Allebeck , P & Monasta , L 2022 , ' The burden of mental disorders, substance use disorders and self-harm among young people in Europe, 1990-2019 : Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 ' , Lancet regional health.Europe , vol. 16 , 100341 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100341

Title: The burden of mental disorders, substance use disorders and self-harm among young people in Europe, 1990-2019 : Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019
Author: Castelpietra, Giulio; Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo; Agardh, Emilie E.; Armocida, Benedetta; Beghi, Massimiliano; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; Logroscino, Giancarlo; Ma, Rui; Starace, Fabrizio; Steel, Nicholas; Addolorato, Giovanni; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Andrei, Tudorel; Ayuso-Mateos, Jose L.; Banach, Maciej; Barnighausen, Till Winfried; Barone-Adesi, Francesco; Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Carvalho, Felix; Carvalho, Marcia; Chandan, Joht Singh; Chattu, Vijay Kumar; Couto, Rosa A. S.; Cruz-Martins, Natalia; Dargan, Paul; Deuba, Keshab; da Silva, Diana Dias; Fagbamigbe, Adeniyi Francis; Fernandes, Eduarda; Ferrara, Pietro; Fischer, Florian; Gaal, Peter Andras; Gialluisi, Alessandro; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Haro, Josep Maria; Hasan, M. Tasdik; Hasan, Syed Shahzad; Hostiuc, Sorin; Iacoviello, Licia; Iavicoli, Ivo; Jamshidi, Elham; Jonas, Jost B.; Joo, Tamas; Jozwiak, Jacek Jerzy; Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal; Kauppila, Joonas H.; Khan, Moien A. B.; Kisa, Adnan; Kisa, Sezer; Kivimäki, Mika; Koly, Kamrun Nahar; Koyanagi, Ai; Kumar, Manasi; Lallukka, Tea; Langguth, Berthold; Ledda, Caterina; Lee, Paul H.; Lega, Ilaria; Linehan, Christine; Loureiro, Joana A.; Madureira-Carvalho, Aurea M.; Martinez-Raga, Jose; Mathur, Manu Raj; McGrath, John J.; Mechili, Enkeleint A.; Mentis, Alexios-Fotios A.; Mestrovic, Tomislav; Miazgowski, Bartosz; Mirica, Andreea; Mirijello, Antonio; Moazen, Babak; Mohammed, Shafiu; Mulita, Francesk; Nagel, Gabriele; Negoi, Ionut; Negoi, Ruxandra Irina; Nwatah, Vincent Ebuka; Padron-Monedero, Alicia; Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra; Pardhan, Shahina; Pasovic, Maja; Patel, Jay; Petcu, Ionela-Roxana; Pinheiro, Marina; Pollok, Richard Charles G.; Postma, Maarten J.; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawaf, Salman; Romero-Rodriguez, Esperanza; Ronfani, Luca; Sagoe, Dominic; Sanmarchi, Francesco; Schaub, Michael P.; Sharew, Nigussie Tadesse; Shiri, Rahman; Shokraneh, Farhad; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Silva, Joao Pedro; Silva, Renata; Socea, Bogdan; Szocska, Miklos; Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael; Torrado, Marco; Tovani-Palone, Marcos Roberto; Vasankari, Tommi Juhani; Veroux, Massimiliano; Viner, Russell M.; Werdecker, Andrea; Winkler, Andrea Sylvia; Hay, Simon; Ferrari, Alize J.; Naghavi, Mohsen; Allebeck, Peter; Monasta, Lorenzo
Contributor organization: Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki
Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
Date: 2022-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 18
Belongs to series: Lancet regional health.Europe
ISSN: 2666-7762
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100341
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/345826
Abstract: Background Mental health is a public health issue for European young people, with great heterogeneity in resource allocation. Representative population-based studies are needed. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019 provides internationally comparable information on trends in the health status of populations and changes in the leading causes of disease burden over time. Methods Prevalence, incidence, Years Lived with Disability (YLDs) and Years of Life Lost (YLLs) from mental disorders (MDs), substance use disorders (SUDs) and self-harm were estimated for young people aged 10-24 years in 31 European countries. Rates per 100,000 population, percentage changes in 1990-2019, 95% Uncertainty Intervals (UIs), and correlations with Sociodemographic Index (SDI), were estimated. Findings In 2019, rates per 100,000 population were 16,983 (95% UI 12,823 - 21,630) for MDs, 3,891 (3,020 4,905) for SUDs, and 89.1 (63.8 - 123.1) for self-harm. In terms of disability, anxiety contributed to 647.3 (432 -912.3) YLDs, while in terms of premature death, self-harm contributed to 319.6 (248.9-412.8) YLLs, per 100,000 population. Over the 30 years studied, YLDs increased in eating disorders (14.9%;9.4-20.1) and drug use disorders (16.9%;8.9-26.3), and decreased in idiopathic developmental intellectual disability (-29.1%;23.8-38.5). YLLs decreased in self-harm (-27.9%;38.3-18.7). Variations were found by sex, age-group and country. The burden of SUDs and self-harm was higher in countries with lower SDI, MDs were associated with SUDs. Interpretation Mental health conditions represent an important burden among young people living in Europe. National policies should strengthen mental health, with a specific focus on young people. Funding The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Copyright (C) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Subject: Young people
Mental health
Mental disorders
Self-harm
Substance use
Europe
SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS
HEALTH
RISK
PREVALENCE
CHILD
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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