Plant biodiversity promotes sustainable agriculture directly and via belowground effects

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Cappelli , S L , Domeignoz-Horta , L A , Loaiza , V & Laine , A-L 2022 , ' Plant biodiversity promotes sustainable agriculture directly and via belowground effects ' , Trends in Plant Science , vol. 27 , no. 7 , pp. 674-687 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2022.02.003

Title: Plant biodiversity promotes sustainable agriculture directly and via belowground effects
Author: Cappelli, Seraina Lisa; Domeignoz-Horta, Luiz Alberto; Loaiza, Viviana; Laine, Anna-Liisa
Contributor organization: Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)
Biosciences
Date: 2022-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Trends in Plant Science
ISSN: 1360-1385
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2022.02.003
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/345997
Abstract: While the positive relationship between plant biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF) is well established, the extent to which this is mediated via belowground microbial processes is poorly understood. Growing evidence suggests that plant community structure influences soil microbial diversity, which in turn promotes functions desired for sustainable agriculture. Here, we outline the ‘plant-directed’ and soil microbe-mediated mechanisms expected to promote positive BEF. We identify how this knowledge can be utilized in plant diversification schemes to maximize ecosystem functioning in agroecosystems, which are typically species poor and sensitive to biotic and abiotic stressors. In the face of resource overexploitation and global change, bridging the gaps between biodiversity science and agricultural practices is crucial to meet food security in the Anthropocene.
Subject: 4111 Agronomy
Cropping systems
Agroecology
Sustainability
11831 Plant biology
Biodiversity
Carbon cycling
ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
COMPLETE NITRIFICATION
MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES
SOIL BIODIVERSITY
CROP PRODUCTION
N2O EMISSIONS
DIVERSITY
PRODUCTIVITY
COMPLEMENTARITY
METAANALYSIS
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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