Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) : Traditional and Present Use, and Future Potential

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Korpelainen , H & Pietilainen , M 2021 , ' Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) : Traditional and Present Use, and Future Potential ' , Economic Botany , vol. 75 , pp. 302–322 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s12231-021-09528-1

Title: Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) : Traditional and Present Use, and Future Potential
Author: Korpelainen, Helena; Pietilainen, Maria
Contributor organization: Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)
Department of Agricultural Sciences
Population Genetics and Biodiversity Group
Plant Production Sciences
Date: 2021-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 21
Belongs to series: Economic Botany
ISSN: 0013-0001
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12231-021-09528-1
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/345998
Abstract: Hop (Humulus lupulus L.): Traditional and Present Use, and Future Potential. Hop (Humulus lupulus) is best known for its use in beer brewing owing to its bittering flavor and floral aroma. Today, the brewing industry uses as much as 98% of the produced hop crop worldwide. However, there are many other uses, some of them known since prehistoric times. Hops, the cone-like female structures called strobili, are the most frequently used part of the hop plant, but other tissues are of interest as well. The present review compiles existing knowledge of the chemical and pharmacological properties, traditional and present uses and further use potential, genetic resources, and breeding attempts in H. lupulus, and discusses climate change challenges to hop production. It contains hundreds of phytochemicals, and some of the secondary metabolites have definite potential pharmacological and medicinal value, but further investigations are desirable. Hop substances are potential alternatives, e.g., in antimicrobial, cancer, metabolic syndrome, and hormone replacement therapy treatments, as well as insecticides, preservatives, and fragrances. There are presently a few hundred cultivated hop varieties, and new cultivars are being developed and tested. Future hop breeding efforts with different quality and adaptation targets can utilize existing genetic resources, such as wild populations and landraces present in many regions.
Subject: Common hop
Medicinal plant
Hop breeding
11831 Plant biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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