Association between ethnicity and hypertension in Northern Colombia in 2015

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Smith , D H , Grewal , J , Mehboob , S , Mohan , S , Pombo , L F , Rodriguez , P , Gonzalez , J C , Zevallos , J & Barengo , N C 2022 , ' Association between ethnicity and hypertension in Northern Colombia in 2015 ' , Clinical hypertension , vol. 28 , no. 1 , 18 .

Title: Association between ethnicity and hypertension in Northern Colombia in 2015
Author: Smith, Drew H.; Grewal, Jaskaran; Mehboob, Saba; Mohan, Shiva; Pombo, Luisa F.; Rodriguez, Pura; Gonzalez, Juan Carlos; Zevallos, Juan; Barengo, Noel C.
Contributor organization: University of Helsinki
Department of Public Health
Faculty of Medicine
Date: 2022-06-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Clinical hypertension
ISSN: 2056-5909
Abstract: Background Studies in the United States have shown a genetic predisposition to hypertension in individuals of African descent. However, studies on the associations between ethnic groups and hypertension in Latin America are lacking and the limited results have been inconsistent. The objective of this study is to determine whether Afro-Colombian ethnicity increases the risk of hypertension. Methods This study is a secondary data analysis of a cross sectional study from five provinces in Northern Colombia. Randomly selected individuals (N = 2613; age-range 18-74 years) enrolled in a health care insurance company underwent physical examinations and completed questionnaires regarding ethnicity, lifestyle, and other risk factors. Hypertension in these patients was determined. Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analysis were calculated to determine the association between ethnicity and hypertension. Results No association between Afro-Colombian ethnicity and hypertension was found (odds ratio [OR], 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66-1.09). As expected, people with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher were at a greater risk of having hypertension (OR, 3.12; 95% CI, 2.35-4.16) compared with those with a normal BMI. Conclusions Findings from this study suggest no independent association between Afro-Colombian ethnicity and hypertension. Further research should focus on genotyping or socioeconomic factors such as income level.
Subject: Hypertension
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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