Comparison of Five Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Vegans and Omnivores from Germany and Finland

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Dietrich, S.; Elorinne, A.-L.; Bergau, N.; Abraham, K.; Grune, T.; Laakso, J.; Weber, D.; Weikert, C.; Monien, B.H. Comparison of Five Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Vegans and Omnivores from Germany and Finland. Nutrients 2022, 14, 2918.

Title: Comparison of Five Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Vegans and Omnivores from Germany and Finland
Author: Dietrich, Stefan; Elorinne, Anna-Liisa; Bergau, Nick; Abraham, Klaus; Grune, Tilman; Laakso, Juha; Weber, Daniela; Weikert, Cornelia; Monien, Bernhard H.
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2022-07-16
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/346420
Abstract: When the amount of reactive oxygen species produced by human metabolism cannot be balanced by antioxidants, this phenomenon is commonly referred to as oxidative stress. It is hypothesised that diets with high amounts of plant food products may have a beneficial impact on oxidative stress status. However, few studies have examined whether a vegan diet is associated with lower oxidative stress compared to an omnivorous diet. The present cross-sectional study aimed to compare the levels of five oxidative stress biomarkers in vegans and omnivores. Data of 36 vegans and 36 omnivores from Germany and of 21 vegans and 18 omnivores from Finland were analysed. HPLC coupled with mass spectrometry or fluorescence detection and ELISA methods were used to measure the oxidative stress biomarkers malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyls and 3-nitrotyrosine in plasma and 8-hydroxy-2&prime;-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2&alpha; (8-iso-PGF2&alpha;) in 24 h urine. Analyses of variance and covariance, considering potential confounders, were used. Vegans and omnivores showed no differences in MDA and protein carbonyl concentrations. In Finnish but not in German vegans, the concentrations of 3-nitrotyrosine were lower compared to those in omnivores (<i>p</i> = 0.047). In Germany, vegans showed lower excretion levels of 8-iso-PGF2&alpha; than omnivores (<i>p</i> = 0.002) and with a trend also of 8-OHdG (<i>p</i> = 0.05). The sensitivity analysis suggests lower 8-iso-PGF2&alpha; excretion levels in women compared to men, independently of the dietary group. The present study contributes to expanding our knowledge of the relationship between diet and oxidative stress and showed that 3-nitrotyrosine, 8-OHdG and 8-iso-PGF2&alpha; tended to be lower in vegans. Furthermore, studies are recommended to validate the present findings.


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