Feasibility of video/audio monitoring in the analysis of motion and treatment effects on night-time seizures - Interventional study

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Ojanen , P , Zabihi , M , Knight , A , Roivainen , R , Lamusuo , S & Peltola , J 2022 , ' Feasibility of video/audio monitoring in the analysis of motion and treatment effects on night-time seizures - Interventional study ' , Epilepsy Research , vol. 184 , 106949 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2022.106949

Title: Feasibility of video/audio monitoring in the analysis of motion and treatment effects on night-time seizures - Interventional study
Author: Ojanen, Petri; Zabihi, Morteza; Knight, Andrew; Roivainen, Reina; Lamusuo, Salla; Peltola, Jukka
Contributor organization: University of Helsinki
Department of Neurosciences
HUS Neurocenter
Neurologian yksikkö
Date: 2022-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Epilepsy Research
ISSN: 0920-1211
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2022.106949
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/346461
Abstract: The aim of the study: This pilot study assessed the ability of a video/audio-based seizure monitoring system to evaluate (I) baseline frequency and severity of nocturnal seizures with motor features in patients with drugresistant epilepsy (DRE) and (II) the individual effect of brivaracetam (BRV) treatment on number, duration and movement intensity of these seizure types. Algorithmic feature analysis was developed for assessment of qualitative changes in movement intensity measurements within seizure types before and after BRV intervention. Materials and methods: Night-time motor seizures of recruited patients were recorded in two separate four-week monitoring periods. The first period defined a prescreening phase (n = 13 patients) to establish a baseline, and the second period defined the intervention phase (n = 9 patients), with BRV initiated during the second week of the second monitoring period. All recorded nights were analyzed by an expert video reviewer, and all unequivocal seizures were classified by an epileptologist. Seizure frequencies using both seizure diaries and video monitoring were compared. The effect of BRV on both seizure duration and movement intensity was assessed by numerical comparison of visual features calculated from motion characteristics of the video, as well as spectral features from the recorded audio. The statistical significance of changes in seizure duration and intensity before and after the intervention were investigated by Wilcoxon rank-sum test and visual inspection of Kernel density estimation. Results: 8 patients marked seizures in their seizure diaries during the prescreening phase. During the three-week follow-up, three patients achieved > 50% seizure decrease, four patients did not respond to treatment, and two patients experienced worsening of seizures. Five patients were able to document 40-70% of their seizures compared to the video/audio monitoring system. According to the signal feature analysis the intervention decreased movement intensity with clear clinical significance in three patients, whereas statistically significant differences in features appeared in 8 out of 9 patients. Conclusions: The novel video/audio monitoring system improved the evaluation of treatment effect compared to the seizure diaries and succeeded in providing a comparative intra-patient assessment of the movement intensity and duration of the recorded seizures.
Subject: Epilepsy
Diary
Motor seizures
Intensity
SUDDEN UNEXPECTED DEATH
EPILEPSY
CLASSIFICATION
ADULTS
3112 Neurosciences
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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