Preparation of Silver-Palladium Alloyed Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Catalysis under Visible-Light Illumination

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Peiris , E , Hanauer , S , Knapas , K & Camargo , P H C 2020 , ' Preparation of Silver-Palladium Alloyed Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Catalysis under Visible-Light Illumination ' , Journal of Visualized Experiments , no. 162 , 61712 . https://doi.org/10.3791/61712

Title: Preparation of Silver-Palladium Alloyed Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Catalysis under Visible-Light Illumination
Author: Peiris, Erandi; Hanauer, Sebastien; Knapas, Kjell; Camargo, Pedro H. C.
Contributor organization: Department of Chemistry
Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS)
Date: 2020-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Journal of Visualized Experiments
ISSN: 1940-087X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3791/61712
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/346535
Abstract: Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) can accelerate and control the selectivity of a variety of molecular transformations. This opens possibilities for the use of visible or near-IR light as a sustainable input to drive and control reactions when plasmonic nanoparticles supporting LSPR excitation in these ranges are employed as catalysts. Unfortunately, this is not the case for several catalytic metals such as palladium (Pd). One strategy to overcome this limitation is to employ bimetallic NPs containing plasmonic and catalytic metals. In this case, the LSPR excitation in the plasmonic metal can contribute to accelerate and control transformations driven by the catalytic component. The method reported herein focuses on the synthesis of bimetallic silver-palladium (Ag-Pd) NPs supported on ZrO2 (Ag-Pd/ZrO2) that acts as a plasmonic-catalytic system. The NPs were prepared by co-impregnation of corresponding metal precursors on the ZrO2 support followed by simultaneous reduction leading to the formation of bimetallic NPs directly on the ZrO2 support. The Ag-Pd/ZrO2 NPs were then used as plasmonic catalysts for the reduction of nitrobenzene under 425 nm illumination by LED lamps. Using gas chromatography (GC), the conversion and selectivity of the reduction reaction under the dark and light irradiation conditions can be monitored, demonstrating the enhanced catalytic performance and control over selectivity under LSPR excitation after alloying non-plasmonic Pd with plasmonic metal Ag. This technique can be adapted to a wide range of molecular transformations and NPs compositions, making it useful for the characterization of the plasmonic catalytic activity of different types of catalysis in terms of conversion and selectivity.
Subject: METAL
CONVERSION
CHEMISTRY
SOLAR
SIZE
AG
116 Chemical sciences
221 Nano-technology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion


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