Utilization of sludge-based alginate beads for the application of rare earth elements (REEs) recovery from wastewater : A waste to resource approach

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Rumky , J , Deb , A , Ramasamy , D L , Sillanpaa , M , Hakkinen , A & Repo , E 2022 , ' Utilization of sludge-based alginate beads for the application of rare earth elements (REEs) recovery from wastewater : A waste to resource approach ' , Journal of Cleaner Production , vol. 362 , 132496 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.132496

Title: Utilization of sludge-based alginate beads for the application of rare earth elements (REEs) recovery from wastewater : A waste to resource approach
Author: Rumky, Jannatul; Deb, Anjan; Ramasamy, Deepika Lakshmi; Sillanpaa, Mika; Hakkinen, Antti; Repo, Eveliina
Contributor organization: Department of Chemistry
Doctoral Programme in Materials Research and Nanosciences
Date: 2022-08-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Journal of Cleaner Production
ISSN: 0959-6526
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.132496
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/346567
Abstract: The main purposes of this research work were to realize the potential of sludge valorization by converting the sludge into adsorbents and to investigate the performance of sludge-based adsorbents for rare earth elements (REEs) recovery from dilute aqueous solutions. Hydrochloric acid and Fenton reagents were employed as pretreatment procedures to enhance the surface area and adsorption yield. Following this, sludge-based alginate beads were prepared by using HCl treated (HT) and Fenton treated (FT) sludge materials. The chemical composition and surface chemistry of sludge-based adsorbent beads were thoroughly analyzed by state-of-the-art analytical techniques, such as Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The prepared beads were then investigated for the recovery of REEs. The batch adsorption studies revealed that the FT sludge beads performed better in comparison to the HT sludge beads. Among REEs, the HT- and FT-sludge beads demonstrated higher affinity towards Sm3+ ions, displaying the maximum adsorption capacities of 2.83 mg/g and 4.16 mg/g, respectively, in a multi-component system (C o = 25 ppm of each REE; pH = 5, t = 24 h and dosage = 5 g/L). In conclusion, the results from this work showed that the prepared sludge-based alginate beads can be used for REEs recovery from diluted waste streams and the tested sludge treatment options were also found effective in converting the waste to resource i.e., sludge to adsorbent for REEs recovery.
Subject: Adsorption
Alginate beads
Fenton treatment
REE recovery
Sludge management
LOW-COST ADSORBENT
SEWAGE-SLUDGE
ACTIVATED-SLUDGE
PYROLYSIS TEMPERATURE
EFFICIENT ADSORBENT
DIGESTED-SLUDGE
METHYLENE-BLUE
CARBON-DIOXIDE
METAL REMOVAL
HEAVY
116 Chemical sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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