Ecosystem services and livelihoods – vulnerability and adaptation to a changing climate. VACCIA synthesis report

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Title: Ecosystem services and livelihoods – vulnerability and adaptation to a changing climate. VACCIA synthesis report
Other contributor: Bergström, Irina
Mattsson, Tuija
Niemelä, Eerika
Vuorenmaa, Jussi
Forsius, Martin
Publisher: Finnish Environment Institute
Date: 2011
Language: en
Belongs to series: The Finnish Environment 26en/2011
ISBN: 978-952-11-3935-2
ISSN: 1796-1637
Abstract: This report is a summary of results from the project Vulnerability Assessment of Ecosystem Services for Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation (VACCIA), funded by the European Union’s LIFE+ programme. Partners in the extensive three-year (2009–2011) project, coordinated by the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), included the Finnish Meteorological Institute, the University of Helsinki, the University of Jyväskylä and the University of Oulu. Key results from the 13 VACCIA Actions are compiled in the summary. The Actions assessed the threats and challenges posed by climate change to ecosystem services and livelihoods, and suggested methods for adapting to changing conditions. The report also highlights further research needs. The publication’s introduction describes the ecosystem service concept and provides an insight into policy processes for handling ecosystem services and their adaptation to a changing climate. Results of the Actions are assembled in the following three chapters, the first presenting key methods used in the project for monitoring changes and predicting future changes, the second describing the change in ecosystem services, and the third reviewing vulnerability and adaptation. An extensive summary section is also included. Annexed tables present the project’s key results and conclusions compactly, alongside the resulting adaptation challenges and needs for further research. Monitoring and prediction of changes is based, e.g. on climate and air quality scenarios produced by theproject, and remote sensing and geographic information materials. Of ecosystem services, those produced bycatchments and water bodies are examined, alongside changes in the biodiversity of coastal, water and forest environments, studied with the help of sample species. Ecosystem services needed by urban areas are examined from the viewpoint of climate change and changes in land use. Among livelihoods, agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism are studied.
Subject: ilmastonmuutokset
sopeutuminen ympäristövaikutukset
luonnon monimuotoisuus

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