Making the Climate Count: Climate Policy Integration and Coherence in Finland

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Title: Making the Climate Count: Climate Policy Integration and Coherence in Finland
Author: Kivimaa, Paula; Mickwitz, Per
Publisher: Finnish Environment Institute
Date: 2009
Language: en
Belongs to series: The Finnish Environment 3/2009
ISBN: 978-952-11-3356-5
ISSN: 1796-1637
Abstract: Tackling climate change in Finland and other industrialised countries requires major changes in production processes and consumption patterns. These changes will not take place unless climate change becomes a crucial factor in general and sector-specific policy-making. In this report climate policy integration in Finland is studied at different levels of policy-making: at the national level, regionally in Kymenlakso and the Metropolitan Area, as well as in the city of Helsinki and the town of Kotka. At the national level climate policy integration is assessed in general governmental policies, such as government programmes, budget proposal and impact assessment guidelines but also in more detail for policies, agencies and practices of transport and innovation policies.Climate change appears increasingly in the more general strategies of Finnish public administration. The latest Government Programme and indeed the 2009 Government Budget Proposal emphasise climate change mitigation and adaptation more than before. However, integration has not yet been fully reflected in the implementation of specific measures. For example, the state budget still lacks concrete climate objectives for most sectors and evaluations of the climate impacts of different budget allocations. Kymenlaakso and the Metropolitan Region as well as the city of Helsinki and the town of Kotka have increased the weighting of climate change in their strategies. In spite of some specific measures, such as increased investments in public transport, much remains to be done at the local level, for example, in energy production and land use planning. In the context of extended climate policy integration, the coherence of and conflicts between climate policy and other policy aims require attention. This requires, for example, increased availability of climate expertise in the public administration. Reducing policy conflicts may mean that other aims, such as unlimited and inexpensive mobility, must be subordinated to climate change mitigation.
Subject: ilmastonmuutokset

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