Economics and the U.S. Presidential Election of 2012

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dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta, Politiikan ja talouden tutkimuksen laitos fi
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political and Economic Studies en
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för politik och ekonomi sv
dc.contributor.author Johnston, Casey
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.uri URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201703272357
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/39533
dc.description.abstract This Master’s Thesis aims to explore the link between the state of the economy and the outcome of elections in the United States. The thesis begins with an introduction that focuses on the importance that the economy has had in determining elections, in particular, the presidential election of 2012. After a brief opening, it then moves to a comprehensive review of previous literature related to what has been tagged the ‘economic voting theory: the idea that voters reward incumbents for positive economic outcomes and punish them for negative ones. Next, I suggest the addition of another dimension to the economic voting theory in order to separate my research from previous studies on this topic. The additional dimension is what is known as the ‘shale gas revolution’: an enormous increase in natural gas production capacity that has created jobs and pumped money into the American economy. I am interested in finding how and if the positive economic effects of the shale gas revolution helped to increase support for Barack Obama in the 2012 election as the economic voting theory would suggest. From there I will further refine the research question by selecting the state of Ohio as the focus of my study based on both its experience with the shale gas revolution and its history as a swing state. With this, the research question that this thesis aims to answer becomes: According to the economic theory of voting, did improved economic conditions help to boost support for Barack Obama in Ohio in the 2012 Presidential Election? Finally, I am able to begin the analysis using data in the form of economic indicators in order to establish the impact that the shale gas revolution has had on the economy and then explore whether these positive effects coincided with support for President Obama. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Helsingfors universitet sv
dc.publisher University of Helsinki en
dc.publisher Helsingin yliopisto fi
dc.subject presidental election en
dc.subject economic voting theory en
dc.subject voting behavior en
dc.subject presidentinvaalit fi
dc.subject Yhdysvallat fi
dc.title Economics and the U.S. Presidential Election of 2012 en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
dc.type.ontasot master's thesis en
dc.subject.discipline Political Science, Politics en
dc.subject.discipline Yleinen valtio-oppi, politiikan tutkimus fi
dc.subject.discipline Allmän statslära, politologi sv
dct.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201703272357

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