The practice and process of adaptation in Finnish agriculture. FINADAPT Working Paper 5

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Title: The practice and process of adaptation in Finnish agriculture. FINADAPT Working Paper 5
Author: Hildén, Mikael; Lehtonen, Heikki; Bärlund, Ilona; Hakala, Kaija; Kaukoranta, Timo; Tattari, Sirkka
Belongs to series: Finnish Environment Institute Mimeographs 335 (Suomen ympäristökeskuksen moniste 335)
ISSN: 1455-0792
ISBN: 952-11-2107-6
Abstract: The starting point for the analysis has been that economic factors and agricultural policies significantly affect agriculture. When climate change and economic driving forces have synergies, rapid adaptation may occur. The present climate change scenarios do not appear to threaten agriculture in Finland. Under the most favourable circumstances, climate change might even increase yields in Finland. However, the net advantage remains small, unless there are major changes in demand and prices of agricultural products. Therefore changes in e.g. the Asian consumption patterns and global food markets as well as demands for energy crops in export-oriented production areas are likely to be very significant. In some cases a spontaneous adaptation is likely to be too slow for avoiding adverse effects of climate change. Such areas are water management and drainage of fields, agricultural infrastructure, agricultural technology, long term plant breeding, management of externalities such as measures against leaching of nutrients, development of proper monitoring and measuring systems, and agricultural policy. The challenge for agricultural policies is to adapt not only to climate change as such, but in particular to various forms of spontaneous adaptation that will occur within the agricultural sector. Adaptation also creates needs for new research. Research can support adaptation by demonstrating how agricultural and other policies create incentives or disincentives for innovative adaptation. The environmental impacts of alternative adaptive processes within the agricultural sector are also important to explore. Feedback loops are of particular importance because they may accelerate or slow down adaptive processes. For example rigid systems of subsidies that are fixed to particular cultivars or agricultural practices will tend to slow down adaptation whereas systems that support innovativeness may speed up adaptation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/41043
Date: 2005
Subject: FINADAPT
Subject (ysa): ilmastonmuutokset
sopeutuminen
maatalous


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