Nature-based tourism, outdoor recreation and adaptation to climate change. FINADAPT Working Paper 11

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Title: Nature-based tourism, outdoor recreation and adaptation to climate change. FINADAPT Working Paper 11
Author: Sievänen, Tuija; Tervo, Kaarina; Neuvonen, Marjo; Pouta, Eija; Saarinen, Jarkko; Peltonen, Arvo
Belongs to series: Finnish Environment Institute Mimeographs 341 (Suomen ympäristökeskuksen moniste 341)
ISSN: 1455-0792
ISBN: 952-11-2119-X
Abstract: Adaptation of outdoor recreation and nature-based tourism concerns majority of Finns. Adaptation may take place both in demand and supply: people will adapt by changing their recreation and travel behaviour, and supply of recreational and tourism services will be adjusted to new conditions either reactively or anticipatory. In this study, the impacts of climate change on recreation sector and nature-tourism entrepreneurs? readiness to adapt and attitude towards climate change were under study. The results showed that snow-based recreation and tourism activities are the most vulnerable ones, especially in southern Finland, and that warming may benefit summer activities. However, the decrease n environmental quality and the increasing occurrence of extreme weather conditions such as storms may diminish this positive impact. Attitudes towards climate change and its impacts varied among tourism entrepreneurs. The general opinion was, however, that climate change does not so far represent a serious threat to the tourism industry. Tourism operators also feel that they are prepared to changes in climate conditions because of their readiness to react on normal weather variation already today. Lack of exact data and uncertainty concerning climate change and its effects in different areas make adaptation more difficult. In the recreation sector, participation in winter activities, especially in cross-country skiing and snowmobiling will decrease in a long run. Possibilities for summer activities become better, but socioeconomic factors such as age-structure may weaken the positive impact. Several research needs related to recreation and tourism were identified. The Finnish tourism industry seems to need more detailed and spatially informed scenarios concerning climate change and more information on its impacts on the different activities in the tourism sector. Also communication channels seem to need more attention. More information is needed to monitor changes in recreational behaviour and trends. Also, there is a need for contingent behaviour studies to project recreationists' and tourists' reactions to changing conditions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/41057
Date: 2005
Subject: FINADAPT
Subject (ysa): ilmastonmuutokset
sopeutuminen
luonto
virkistyskäyttö
luontomatkailu
matkailu


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