Leaf-spot disease on European mistletoe (Viscum album) caused by Phaeobotryosphaeria visci : a potential candidate for biological control

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Varga , I , Taller , J , Baltazár , T , Hyvönen , J & Poczai , P 2012 , ' Leaf-spot disease on European mistletoe (Viscum album) caused by Phaeobotryosphaeria visci : a potential candidate for biological control ' , Biotechnology Letters , vol. 34 , no. 6 , pp. 1059-1065 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10529-012-0867-x

Title: Leaf-spot disease on European mistletoe (Viscum album) caused by Phaeobotryosphaeria visci : a potential candidate for biological control
Author: Varga, Ildikó; Taller, János; Baltazár, Tivadar; Hyvönen, Jaakko; Poczai, Péter
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Biosciences
University of Helsinki, Biosciences
Date: 2012
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Biotechnology Letters
ISSN: 0141-5492
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/42440
Abstract: Viscum album (European mistletoe), a perennial, evergreen, hemiparasitic shrub, infects a wide range of woody species. It adversely affects the height and diameter of growth and it is associated with increased mortality of its hosts. There is no effective control methods against it. We have found a specific hyperparasitic fungus, which can completely destroy European mistletoe by infecting its branches, leaves and berries. Both morphological and molecular identification, based on ribosomal internal transcribed spacer sequences (rDNA-ITS), established its identity as Phaeobotryosphaeria visci. Our analysis also revealed unexpected ITS variability, as compared to the previous studies, that needs to be considered in identifying of this pathogen. Because of its efficient pathogenicity this fungus might be a good candidate for biological control of mistletoe.
Subject: 1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
Botryosphaeriaceae – Fungal diversity – Hemiparasitic plants – Internal transcribed spacer – Mistletoes – Phytopathogenic fungi
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