Browsing Asiantuntijatarkastetut julkaisut - Refereed publications by Author "Fatahi, Yalda"

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  • Fatahi, Yalda; Kouznetsov, Rostislav; Sofiev, Mikhail (Copernicus Publ., 2021)
    Geoscientific model development
    This study quantifies the impact of emission changes during public holidays on air quality (AQ) and anal anayses the added value of accounting for the holidays in AQ modelling. Spatial and temporal distributions of atmosphericconcentrations of the major air pollutants (the main focus was on NO2, but we also included O3, CO, PM2.5, and SO2) were considered at the European scale for all public holi days of 2018. Particular attention was paid to the events with the most pronounced continental- or regional-scale impact: Christmas and New Year, Easter, May Day vacations, and the last days of Ramadan. The simulations were performed with the chemistry transport model SILAM v.5.7 (System for Integrated modeLling of Atmospheric coMposition). Three model runs were made: the baseline with no treatment of holidays, the run considering holidays as Sundays, and the run forcing 80 % reduction in emissions during holidays for the weekday-sensitive sectors. The emission scaling was applied on a country basis. The model predictions were compared with in situ observations collected by the European Environment Agency. The experiment showed that even conservative treatment of official holidays has a large positive impact on NOx (up to 30 % of reduction in the bias inhomogene ity during the holiday days) and improves the CO, PM2.5, and O3 predictions. In many cases, the sensitivity simulations suggested a greater emission reduction than the level of Sundays. An individual consideration of the holiday events in different countries may further improve their representation in the models: specific diurnal pattern of emissions, additional emission due to fireworks, and different driving patterns.