Browsing Asiantuntijatarkastetut julkaisut - Refereed publications by Subject "Himalaya"

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  • Ström, Johan; Svensson, Jonas; Honkanen, Henri; Asmi, Eija; Dkhar, Nathaniel B.; Tayal, Shresth; Sharma, Ved P.; Hooda, Rakesh; Meinander, Outi; Leppäranta, Matti; Jacobi, Hans-Werner; Lihavainen, Heikki; Hyvärinen, Antti (BioOne, 2022)
    Elementa
    Snow darkening by deposited light-absorbing particles (LAP) accelerates snowmelt and shifts the snow meltout date (MOD). Here, we present a simple approach to estimate the snow albedo variability due to LAP deposition and test this method with data for 2 seasons (February–May 2016 and December 2016–June 2017) at a high-altitude valley site in the Central Himalayas, India. We derive a parameterization for the snow albedo that only depends on the daily observations of average ambient temperature and change in snow depth, as well as an assumed average concentration of LAP in snow precipitation. Linear regression between observed and parameterized albedo for the base case assuming an equivalent elemental carbon concentration ½ECeq of 100 ng g–1 in snow precipitation yields a slope of 0.75 and a Pearson correlation coefficient r 2 of 0.76. However, comparing the integrated amount of shortwave radiation absorbed during the winter season using observed albedo versus base case albedo resulted in rather small differences of 11% and 4% at the end of Seasons 1 and 2, respectively.The enhanced energy absorbed due to LAP at the end of the 2 seasons for the base case scenario (assuming an ½ECeq of 100 ng g–1 in snow precipitation) was 40% and 36% compared to pristine snow. A numerical evaluation with different assumed ½ECeq in snow precipitation suggests that the relative sensitivity of snow albedo to changes in ½ECeq remains rather constant for the 2 seasons. Doubling ½ECeq augments the absorption by less than 20%, highlighting that the impact on a MOD is small even for a doubling of average LAP in snow precipitation.