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Helsingin yliopiston tutkijoiden julkaisemia artikkeleja.

Helsingin yliopiston tutkijat voivat rinnakkaistallentaa tutkimusjulkaisujansa HELDAan liittämällä kokotekstin julkaisuun TUHAT-tutkimustietojärjestelmässä. (Toimintaohje tutkijalle)

Kokoelmat

Uusimmat julkaisut

  • Almeida, Lucila de (2018)
    Is there such a thing as European private law, a set of rules of EU law distinguished by the binary opposition public and private law? This article aims to shed light on the debate over the rise and the fall of the classic concept of private law and how the legal consciousness of the latter enhanced the legal awareness of European private law. Philosophy and sociology of law claim reasons in the search for answers, from a metaphysical and epistemological points of view. Furthermore, the reality of private law in practice put the ancient concepts in challenge by the phenomena of transnationalization of Law. Globalization, europanization, and the privatization of private Law are factual claims against the persistence of the classic concept of private law. These categories reveal the inconsistences between the theory of will in books and law in practice, suggesting that pluralism can face the lack of sense of a universal model of private law to all the realities involved in the European Union. The belief that the harmonization (or systematization) of national Civil Codes at the European level would lead to the coherence of private law is one of the bases to a final question about the extent to which the persistence of the classic concept of private law among legal scholarship is still an obstacle to the effectiveness of EU integration through the combination of public and private enforcement.
  • Tolonen, Sanna; Sievänen, Harri; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Laaksonen, Marika; Mikkilä, Vera; Palve, Kristiina; Lehtimäki, Terho; Raitakari, Olli; Kähönen, Mika (2018)
    In this cross-sectional study, peripheral bone traits were examined relative to total daily steps measured with pedometer. Higher number of steps was associated with greater bone values at the calcaneus and tibia in women, but not in men. In women, dose-dependent associations at the radius were congruent with the weight-bearing bones. Introduction Habitual physical activity measured as daily steps may contribute to bone density and strength at the calcaneus and other weight-bearing bones. Methods Subgroups of 705-837 women and 480-615 men aged 31-46 years from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study participated in the present study. Participants were instructed to use pedometer for 1 week, and the total daily steps, divided into tertiles, were evaluated relative to quantitative ultrasound-measured bone traits at the calcaneus and peripheral quantitative computed tomography-measured bone traits at the tibia and radius. Analysis of covariance was used to examine the between-group differences. Results In women, significant dose-dependent between-group differences were found in the weight-bearing bones and in non-weight-bearing radius. The differences in broadband ultrasound attenuation and speed of sound at the calcaneus were 3.8 and 0.5% greater in women within the highest tertile of daily steps compared to the lowest tertile (p values for trend 8765 steps/day) had on average 1-5.4% greater bone cross-sectional area, bone mineral content (BMC), trabecular density, and bone strength index at the distal site and 1.6-2.7% greater bone areas, BMC and strength strain index (SSI) at the shaft compared to women with less daily steps (p values for trend Conclusion Observed significant positive associations between daily steps and various bone traits at the calcaneus, tibia, and radius in women suggest that habitual physical activity may benefit skeletal health in adulthood.
  • Tamura, Mako; Tanabe, Minatsu; Valkonen, Jari P. T.; Akita, Motomu (2019)
    Mosses are ecologically important plants also used for greening, gardening, and decorative purposes. Knowledge of the microbial flora associated with mosses is expected to be important for control and preservation of global and local environments. However, the moss-associated microbial flora is often poorly known. Moss-associated fungi and bacteria may promote plant growth and pest control, but they may be alternative hosts for pathogens of vascular plants. In this study, the fungus Sclerotinia delphinii was identified for the first time as a pathogen that causes severe damage to Sunagoke moss (Racomitrium japonicum). This moss is used for greening roofs and walls of buildings in urban environments owing to its notable tolerance of environmental stresses. Inoculation with the S. delphinii strain SR1 of the mono- and dicotyledonous seed plants Hordeum vulgare, Brassica rapa var. pekinensis, Lactuca sativa, and Spinacia oleracea, in addition to the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha and the moss Physcomitrella patens, showed that the fungus has a wide host range. Colonization with SR1 progressed more rapidly in non-vascular than in vascular plant species. Studies with P. patens under controlled conditions showed that SR1 secreted a fluid during colonization. Treatment with the secretion induced production of reactive oxygen species in the moss. Endogenous peroxidase partially inhibited SR1 colonization of P. patens. A bacterial isolate, most likely Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, that coexists with R. japonicum was antagonistic to SR1 growth. Taken together, the present results suggest that fungal colonization of mosses may be prevented by a peroxidase secreted by the moss and an antagonistic bacterium coexisting in the moss habitat. The findings suggest that there is potential to apply biological control measures for protection of mosses against fungal pathogens.
  • Yli-Karjanmaa, Sami Petteri (2017)
  • Shekera, Victor (2018)
    The article discusses whether imposition of a geo-blocking restriction by copyright owners in licensing agreements unduly restricts competition between online content distributors in non-licensed territory, especially in cases where dissemination of digital content is already precluded by copyright law. The article starts with a discussion of geo-blocking from the perspective of policy clashes ‒ that is, clashes between fundamental freedom, competition law and copyright law ‒ it then turns to competition law analysis of absolute territorial protection, that is, restrictions of active and passive sales. The article further distinguishes online content distribution from distribution of tangible goods by reference to CJEU case law before moving on to discuss the distinctive nature of digital content distribution and the inapplicability of the exhaustion of rights principle. Furthermore, discussion of the restriction on competition in non-licensed territories for online content distributors leads to the conclusion, with a finding that geo-blocking does not restrict competition in non-licensed territories, except in cases where copyright protection is used to facilitate absolute territorial protection or where the copyright owner exploits the market by extracting the highest possible remuneration due to market segregation.
  • Wang, Ziyu; Kouvonen, Anne Maria; Satka, Mirja Eila Annikki; Julkunen, Ilse Harriet Gunilla (2019)
    The aim of this study was to examine whether the two components of parental social support, emotional and instrumental, are associated with various aspects of adolescent well-being in the current Chinese context. A sample of 1306 adolescents (47% girls, 11, 13 and 15 years old, 39% urban) was derived from the nationally representative 2012 survey “China Family Panel Studies”. Four indicators of adolescent well-being were examined: health status, academic attainment, self-perception and depression. Logistic regression and multiple linear regression models were applied to analyze associations between the two domains of parental social support and four indicators of adolescent well-being, respectively. Both the intermediate and high levels of emotional support were associated with better self-perception and lower levels of depression, while these associations were only reflected at the high level of instrumental support. In addition, only the high level of emotional support was associated with higher academic attainment. Overall these associations remained after controlling for socio-demographic characteristics, including age, gender, living location, family income and family size. However, some of the confounders were more influential on adolescent well-being than others. For example, those adolescents who lived in rural areas were more likely to report suboptimal health status. These findings are discussed in the context of the rapid changes in Chinese society. This research adds to the empirical evidence on the association between parental social support and adolescent well-being in contemporary Mainland China.
  • Kaislaniemi, L.; van Hunen, J.; Bouilhol, Pierre (2018)
    Orogenic crustal anatexis is a still poorly understood process due to the complexity of the thermal and geodynamical interaction between mantle and crustal processes during and after continental collision. Here we present a novel conceptual model for the formation of granite-migmatite belts: we propose that convective thinning of the lithosphere results in minor amounts of partial melts within the lowermost crust that trigger further instabilities. This will lead to positive feedback effects between melt weakening, mantle upwelling, and wholesale mantle lithosphere removal, causing a strong pulse of mantle and crustal melting. We test this model numerically, and results show that this process, taking between 20 and 50Myr in total, can explain the temporal evolution of melting in granite-migmatite zones and associated mantle-derived mafic rocks and provides a heat source for crustal melting without the need for other processes, such as slab break-off or increased radiogenic heating. Furthermore, the generation of a refractory residue after mantle and crustal melting is also shown to control the progress of the lithospheric mantle removal, providing another feedback mechanism between melting and lithospheric reequilibration.
  • Wiersema, Renske; Koeze, Jacqueline; Hiemstra, Bart; Pettilä, Ville; Perner, Anders; Keus, Frederik; van der Horst, Iwan C C (Springer International Publishing, 2019)
    Abstract Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in up to 50% of all critically ill patients and hemodynamic abnormalities are assumed to contribute, but their nature and share is still unclear. We explored the associations between hemodynamic variables, including cardiac index and right ventricular function, and the occurrence of AKI in critically ill patients. Methods In this prospective cohort study, we included all patients acutely admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Within 24 h after ICU admission clinical and hemodynamic variables were registered including ultrasonographic measurements of cardiac index and right ventricular function, assessed using tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and right ventricular systolic excursion (RV S’). Maximum AKI stage was assessed according to the KDIGO criteria during the first 72 h after admission. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was used including both known predictors and univariable significant predictors of AKI. Secondary outcomes were days alive outside ICU and 90-day mortality. Results A total of 622 patients were included, of which 338 patients (54%) had at least AKI stage 1 within 72 h after ICU admission. In the final multivariate model higher age (OR 1.01, 95% CI 1.00–1.03, for each year), higher weight (OR 1.03 CI 1.02–1.04, for each kg), higher APACHE IV score (OR 1.02, CI 1.01–1.03, per point), lower mean arterial pressure (OR 1.02, CI 1.01–1.03, for each mmHg decrease) and lower TAPSE (OR 1.05, CI 1.02–1.09 per millimeter decrease) were all independent predictors for AKI in the final multivariate logistic regression model. Sepsis, cardiac index, RV S’ and use of vasopressors were not significantly associated with AKI in our data. AKI patients had fewer days alive outside of ICU, and their mortality rate was significantly higher than those without AKI. Conclusions In our cohort of acutely admitted ICU patients, the incidence of AKI was 54%. Hemodynamic variables were significantly different between patients with and without AKI. A worse right ventricle function was associated with AKI in the final model, whereas cardiac index was not.
  • Bousquet, J.; Bedbrook, A.; Czarlewski, W.; Onorato, G. L; Arnavielhe, S.; Laune, D.; Mathieu-Dupas, E.; Fonseca, J.; Costa, E.; Lourenço, O.; Morais-Almeida, M.; Todo-Bom, A.; Illario, M.; Menditto, E.; Canonica, G. W; Cecchi, L.; Monti, R.; Napoli, L.; Ventura, M. T; De Feo, G.; Fokkens, W. J; Chavannes, N. H; Reitsma, S.; Cruz, A. A; da Silva, J.; Serpa, F. S; Larenas-Linnemann, D.; Fuentes Perez, J. M; Huerta-Villalobos, Y. R; Rivero-Yeverino, D.; Rodriguez-Zagal, E.; Valiulis, A.; Dubakiene, R.; Emuzyte, R.; Kvedariene, V.; Annesi-Maesano, I.; Blain, H.; Bonniaud, P.; Bosse, I.; Dauvilliers, Y.; Devillier, P.; Fontaine, J. F; Pépin, J. L; Pham-Thi, N.; Portejoie, F.; Picard, R.; Roche, N.; Rolland, C.; Schmidt-Grendelmeier, P.; Kuna, P.; Samolinski, B.; Anto, J. M; Cardona, V.; Mullol, J.; Pinnock, H.; Ryan, D.; Sheikh, A.; Walker, S.; Williams, S.; Becker, S.; Klimek, L.; Pfaar, O.; Bergmann, K. C; Mösges, R.; Zuberbier, T.; Roller-Wirnsberger, R. E; Tomazic, P. V; Haahtela, T.; Salimäki, J.; Toppila-Salmi, S.; Valovirta, E.; Vasankari, T.; Gemicioğlu, B.; Yorgancioglu, A.; Papadopoulos, N. G; Prokopakis, E. P; Tsiligianni, I. G; Bosnic-Anticevich, S.; O’Hehir, R.; Ivancevich, J. C; Neffen, H.; Zernotti, M. E; Kull, I.; Melén, E.; Wickman, M.; Bachert, C.; Hellings, P. W; Brusselle, G.; Palkonen, S.; Bindslev-Jensen, C.; Eller, E.; Waserman, S.; Boulet, L. P; Bouchard, J.; Chu, D. K; Schünemann, H. J; Sova, M.; De Vries, G.; van Eerd, M.; Agache, I.; Ansotegui, I. J; Bewick, M.; Casale, T.; Dykewick, M.; Ebisawa, M.; Murray, R.; Naclerio, R.; Okamoto, Y.; Wallace, D. V (BioMed Central, 2019)
    Abstract Aims Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK (MASK) belongs to the Fondation Partenariale MACVIA-LR of Montpellier, France and aims to provide an active and healthy life to rhinitis sufferers and to those with asthma multimorbidity across the life cycle, whatever their gender or socio-economic status, in order to reduce health and social inequities incurred by the disease and to improve the digital transformation of health and care. The ultimate goal is to change the management strategy in chronic diseases. Methods MASK implements ICT technologies for individualized and predictive medicine to develop novel care pathways by a multi-disciplinary group centred around the patients. Stakeholders Include patients, health care professionals (pharmacists and physicians), authorities, patient’s associations, private and public sectors. Results MASK is deployed in 23 countries and 17 languages. 26,000 users have registered. EU grants (2018) MASK is participating in EU projects (POLLAR: impact of air POLLution in Asthma and Rhinitis, EIT Health, DigitalHealthEurope, Euriphi and Vigour). Lessons learnt (i) Adherence to treatment is the major problem of allergic disease, (ii) Self-management strategies should be considerably expanded (behavioural), (iii) Change management is essential in allergic diseases, (iv) Education strategies should be reconsidered using a patient-centred approach and (v) Lessons learnt for allergic diseases can be expanded to chronic diseases.
  • Kaila, Marianne; Marjoniemi, Jasmine; Nokireki, Tiina (BioMed Central, 2019)
    Abstract Seventy-two canine serum samples were analyzed for post-vaccination serum titers of rabies antibodies. The samples were divided into two groups: Group 1 dogs (n = 36) were imported dogs from the Russian Federation (n = 31) or Romania (n = 5), with a mean serum antibody titer value of 1.54 IU/mL. Group 2 dogs (n = 36) were Finnish dogs vaccinated in Finland, with a mean titer of 4.19 IU/mL. Altogether, 14 (39%) dogs (CI 95% 23–56) were without detectable antibodies (≤ 0.1 IU/mL) in Group 1, whereas in Group 2, all dogs had an antibody titer greater than 0.1 IU/mL. A statistically significant difference was observed between these groups when comparing the proportions of dogs with antibody levels less than or exceeding 0.5 IU/mL. In Group 1, 19 out of the 36 dogs (CI 95% 36–70) had serum titer values < 0.5 IU/mL, while in Group 2, only 2 dogs had serum titer values < 0.5 IU/mL. Despite the small sample size, this raises concern over the imported dogs having insufficient antibody levels required for international travel and implies that these dogs had perhaps not been vaccinated, even though they had documentation of vaccination upon arrival.
  • de Oliveira Figueiredo, Rejane A; Viljakainen, Jannina; Viljakainen, Heli; Roos, Eva; Rounge, Trine B; Weiderpass, Elisabete (BioMed Central, 2019)
    Abstract Background We aimed to identify different eating habits among Finnish children and to evaluate their association with meal patterns, breakfast consumption, and socio-demographic characteristics in a large, nationwide cohort of children. Methods We evaluated 10,569 children aged 9–14 years into the Finnish Health in Teens cohort in a cross-sectional design. The hierarchical K-means method was used to identify groups of children with different eating habits, based on five factors obtained through factor analysis of 10 food items. Multiple correspondence analysis was used to show associations between groups with different eating habits and meal patterns, breakfast patterns, gender, age, and language spoken at home. Results Analyses identified three groups: unhealthy eaters (12.3%), fruit and vegetable avoiders (43.3%), and healthy eaters (44.1%). Most children had regular meal and breakfast patterns. The proportion of boys was higher among unhealthy eaters. Unhealthy eaters also showed irregular meal and breakfast patterns, and had parents with low education level. There was a higher proportion of girls among healthy eaters. Healthy eaters also showed regular meal and breakfast patterns, and had parents with high education level. Conclusions Although the number of unhealthy eaters was small, special attention should be still paid to these, mostly male children, as they have poor eating habits and they lack regular eating routine. Skipping breakfast was more common among older children and girls, although girls had healthier eating habits overall. Our results can contribute to public health efforts to improve eating behaviours, especially among children with poor eating habits and those skipping healthy food items.
  • Deng, Yange; Kagami, Sara; Ogawa, Shuhei; Kawana, Kaori; Nakayama, Tomoki; Kubodera, Ryo; Adachi, Kouji; Hussein, Tareq; Miyazaki, Yuzo; Mochida, Michihiro (2018)
    The formation of biogenic secondary organic aerosols (BSOAs) in forest environments is potentially important to cloud formation via changes of the cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activity of aerosols. In this study, the CCN activation of submicrometer aerosols and their chemical compositions and size distributions were measured at a midlatitude forest site in Japan during the summer of 2014 to assess the hygroscopicity of the organic aerosols and their contributions to the local CCN concentrations. The mean number concentrations of the condensation nuclei and CCN at supersaturation (SS) conditions of 0.11-0.80% were 1,238 and 166-740cm(-3), respectively. Organic aerosols and sulfate dominated the submicrometer aerosol mass concentrations. The particle hygroscopicity increased with increases in particle diameters. The hygroscopicity parameter for the organics, (org), was positively correlated with the atomic O to C ratio. The product of (org) and the volume fraction of OA was 0.12, accounting for 38% of the water uptake by aerosol particles. The hygroscopicity parameter of the locally formed fresh BSOA was estimated to be 0.09. The contribution of OA to the CCN number concentration, which was assessed by subtracting the CCN concentration of the hypothetical inorganic aerosols from that of the ambient aerosols, was 50-182cm(-3) for the SS range of 0.11-0.80%. The increase of the CCN number concentrations per 1-g/m(3) increase of the BSOA was 23-299cm(-3) at 0.11-0.80% SS. The contribution of the BSOA to the CCN number concentration can be enhanced by new particle formation. Plain Language Summary Some of the particles suspended in the atmosphere can absorb water vapors around them and act as nuclei to form cloud droplets. These particles are called cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), the quantification of which is important for climate forcing prediction. The ability of a particle to absorb water is referred to as hygroscopicity, which is governed by the chemical composition. Volatile organic vapors emitted by vegetation (i.e., biogenic volatile organic compound) after chemical reactions in the atmosphere can either condense onto existing particles or participate in the formation of new particles and thus change the aerosol chemical composition. The aerosol component originated from biogenic volatile organic compounds, named biogenic secondary organic aerosol (BSOA), is an important constituent of CCN on a global scale. However, the hygroscopicity of BSOA and its contribution to CCN are not understood well. We performed measurements of the hygroscopicity and chemical composition of aerosol particles in a forest in Japan. Based on the observation, we calculated the hygroscopicity of the BSOA formed in the forest and quantified the contribution of the BSOA to the CCN number concentrations. An enhancement of the contribution of BSOA to the CCN number concentrations by new particle formation is suggested, which is an important subject of future studies.
  • Niinikoski, Laura; Hukkinen, Katja; Leidenius, Marjut H. K.; Ståhls, Anders; Meretoja, Tuomo J. (2018)
    Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of Breast Lesion Excision System (BLES) in the treatment of intraductal papillomas. Material and methods: All patients with a needle biopsy-based suspicion of an intraductal papilloma who consequently underwent a BLES procedure at Helsinki University Hospital between 2011 and 2016 were included in this retrospective study. The purpose of the BLES procedure was either to excise the entire lesion or in few cases to achieve better sampling. Results: In total, 74 patients underwent 80 BLES procedures. Pathological diagnosis after the BLES biopsy confirmed an intraductal papilloma without atypia in 43 lesions, whereas 10 lesions were upgraded to high-risk lesions (HRL) with either atypical ductal hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ. Five cases were upgraded to malignancy, two were invasive ductal carcinomas and three were ductal carcinoma in situ. Additionally, 18 lesions were diagnosed as other benign lesions. Four procedures failed. Complete excision with BLES was achieved in 19 out of 43 intraductal papillomas, 6 out of 10 HRL and two out of five malignant lesions. No major complications occurred. The BLES procedure was adequate in the management of the 71 breast lesions. Conclusion: The BLES procedure is an acceptable method for the management of small benign and high-risk breast lesions such as intraductal papillomas in selected patients. Thus, a great amount of diagnostic surgical biopsies can be avoided. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd, BASO similar to The Association for Cancer Surgery, and the European Society of Surgical Oncology. All rights reserved.
  • Hukkinen, Maria; Kerola, Anna; Lohi, Jouko; Heikkilä, Päivi; Merras-Salmio, Laura; Jahnukainen, Timo; Koivusalo, Antti; Jalanko, Hannu; Pakarinen, Mikko P. (2018)
    BACKGROUND: Different treatment policies can influence biliary atresia outcomes, but the pathophysiology of expanding fibrosis occurring even after successful portoenterostomy remains unclear. STUDY DESIGN: Clearance of jaundice (COJ) (bilirubin <20 mu mol/L), native liver survival, and overall survival rates of biliary atresia patients were analyzed before and after national centralization of management, as well as in relation to native liver histopathology of protocol biopsies. RESULTS: Of the 59 patients, 35 were managed after centralization and received standardized postoperative adjuvant therapy, including corticosteroids. After centralization, age at portoenterostomy decreased from 73 days to 54 days (p = 0.014) and COJ rate increased from 42% to 80% (p = 0.005), 5-year native liver survival increased from 38% to 70% (p = 0.014), and 5-year overall survival increased from 68% to 94% (p = 0.007). High-grade portal inflammation at portoenterostomy predicted COJ (odds ratio 3.66; p = 0.011) and slower fibrosis progression (beta = -0.74; p = 0.005). Native liver survival was extended in patients with high-grade portal inflammation (p + 0.002) and in patients whose bilirubin normalized within 3 months (p <0.001). Portal inflammation and cholestasis reduced only after COJ (p<0.001), and persisting ductal reaction, reflected by cytokeratin 7-positive proliferating bile ductules and periportal hepatocytes, correlated with follow-up fibrosis (r = 0.454 to 0.763; p <0.001 to 0.003). Cytokeratin 7 immunopositivity of periportal hepatocytes increased after COJ (p = 0.015) and was the only predictor of follow-up liver fibrosis (beta = 0.36; p = 0.002) in multiple regression. CONCLUSIONS: Biliary atresia outcomes improved significantly after centralization and standardized management. Resolution of cholestasis and reduction of high-grade portal inflammation postoperatively predict slower fibrosis progression and improved native liver survival, and persisting ductal reaction parallels progressive native liver fibrosis despite COJ. (C) 2017 by the American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Kujamäki, Pekka; Pasanen, Päivi Hannele (2019)
  • Piersa, M.; Korgul, A.; Fraile, L. M.; Benito, J.; Adamska, E.; Andreyev, A. N.; Alvarez-Rodriguez, R.; Barzakh, A. E.; Benzoni, G.; Berry, T.; Borge, M. J. G.; Carmona, M.; Chrysalidis, K.; Correia, J. G.; Costache, C.; Cubiss, J. G.; Goodacre, T. Day; De Witte, H.; Fedorov, D.; Fedosseev, V. N.; Fernandez-Martinez, G.; Fijalkowska, A.; Fila, M.; Fynbo, H.; Galaviz, D.; Greenlees, P. T.; Grzywacz, R.; Harkness-Brennan, L. J.; Henrich, C.; Huyse, M.; Illana, A.; Janas, Z.; Johnston, K.; Judson, D. S.; Karanyonchev,; Kicinska-Habior, M.; Konki, J.; Kurcewicz, J.; Lazarus, Jeffrey V.; Lica, R.; Mach, H.; Madurga, M.; Marroquin, I.; Marsh, B.; Martinez, M. C.; Mazzocchi, C.; Marginean, N.; Marginean, R.; Miernik, K.; Rahkila, P. (2019)
    Excited states in Sn-133 were investigated through the beta decay of In-133 at the ISOLDE facility. The ISOLDE Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS) provided isomer-selective ionization for In-133, allowing us to study separately, and in detail, the beta-decay branch of In-133 J(pi)= (9/2(+)) ground state and its J(pi) = (1/2(-)) isomer.Thanks to the large spin difference of the two beta-decaying states of In-133, it is possible to investigate separately the lower and higher spin states in the daughter, Sn-133, and thus to probe independently different single-particle and single-hole levels. We report here new gamma transitions observed in the decay of In-133, including those assigned to the deexcitation of the neutron-unbound states.
  • Pyysalo, Jouna Olavi; Janhunen, Juha Antero (2019)
    Since both the orthodox (MØLLER, BENVENISTE, PUHVEL) and the revisionist (KURYŁOWICZ, EICHNER, MELCHERT/RIX, KORTLANDT) models of the laryngeal theory (LT) have failed to solve the problem of the IE vowels (PYYSALO & JANHUNEN 2018a, 2018b), revisions in the theory are necessary. A comparison of the models of PUHVEL, EICHNER, and MELCHERT-RIX with regard to the criterion of economy shows that, although they are mutually contradictory, each of them has contributed at least one correct solution absent in the other models. By combining these correct solutions into a single model we can arrive at what may be termed the “Optimized Laryngeal Theory” (OLT), which, then, can be tested against monolaryngealism, as formulated by SZEMERÉNYI.
  • Chen, Xiaoli; Dallmeier-Tiessen, Suenje; Dasler, Robin; Feger, Sebastian; Fokianos, Pamfilos; Gonzalez, Jose Benito; Hirvonsalo, Harri; Kousidis, Dinos; Lavasa, Artemis; Mele, Salvatore; Rodriguez, Diego Rodriguez; Simko, Tibor; Smith, Tim; Trisovic, Ana; Trzcinska, Anna; Tsanaktsidis, Ioannis; Zimmermann, Markus; Cranmer, Kyle; Heinrich, Lukas; Watts, Gordon; Hildreth, Michael; Lloret Iglesias, Lara; Lassila-Perini, Kati; Neubert, Sebastian (2019)
    The solutions adopted by the high-energy physics community to foster reproducible research are examples of best practices that could be embraced more widely. This first experience suggests that reproducibility requires going beyond openness.
  • Albacete, Javier L.; Niemi, Harri; Petersen, Hannah; Soto-Ontoso, Alba (2019)
    We present a systematic study on the influence of spatial correlations between the proton constituents, in our case gluonic hot spots, their size and their number on the symmetric cumulant SC(2, 3), at the eccentricity level, within a Monte Carlo Glauber framework [1]. When modeling the proton as composed by 3 gluonic hot spots, the most common assumption in the literature, we find that the inclusion of spatial correlations is indispensable to reproduce the negative sign of SC(2, 3) in the highest centrality bins as dictated by data. Further, the subtle interplay between the different scales of the problem is discussed. To conclude, the possibility of feeding a 2+1D viscous hydrodynamic simulation with our entropy profiles is exposed.
  • Ducloué, B.; Iancu, E.; Lappi, T.; Mueller, A. H.; Soyez, G.; Triantafyllopoulos, D. N.; Zhu, Y. (2019)
    We study a puzzle raised recently regarding the running coupling prescription used in the calculation of forward particle production in proton-nucleus collisions at next-to-leading order: using a coordinate space prescription which is consistent with the one used in the high energy evolution of the target leads to results which can be two orders of magnitude larger than the ones obtained with a momentum space prescription. We show that this is an artefact of the Fourier transform involved when passing between coordinate and momentum space and propose a new coordinate space prescription which avoids this problem.

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