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  • Konttinen, Y T; Mandelin, J; Li, T F; Salo, J; Lassus, J; Liljestrom, M; Hukkanen, M; Takagi, M; Virtanen, I; Santavirta, S (JOHN/WILEY & SONS, INC., 2002)
  • Alcamo, J.; Amann, M; Hettelingh, J.-P.; Holmberg, M.; Hordijk, L.; Kämäri, J.; Kauppi, L.; Kauppi, P.; Kornai, G.; Mäkelä, A. (Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, 1987)
  • Kauppi, P.E.; Kämäri, J.; Posch, M.; Kauppi, L.; Matzner, E. (Elsevier, 1986)
  • Alcamo, J.; Kauppi, P.E.; Posch, M.; Runca, E. (IIASA, 1984)
  • Leinonen, Jussi; Moisseev, Dmitri; Leskinen, Matti; Petersen, Walter A. (AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 2012)
    To improve the understanding of high-latitude rain microphysics and its implications for the remote sensing of rainfall by ground-based and spaceborne radars, raindrop size measurements have been analyzed that were collected over five years with a Joss–Waldvogel disdrometer located in Järvenpää, Finland. The analysis shows that the regional climate is characterized by light rain and small drop size with narrow size distributions and that the mutual relations of drop size distribution parameters differ from those reported at lower latitudes. Radar parameters computed from the distributions demonstrate that the high latitudes are a challenging target for weather radar observations, particularly those employing polarimetric and dual-frequency techniques. Nevertheless, the findings imply that polarimetric ground radars can produce reliable “ground truth” estimates for space observations and identify dual-frequency radars utilizing a W-band channel as promising tools for observing rainfall in the high-latitude climate.
  • Weiste, Elina; Peräkylä, Anssi (ROUTLEDGE, 2013)
    46(4), 299–321, 2013
  • Eronen, J. T.; Micheels, A.; Utescher, T. (EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY LTD, 2011)
  • Clark, Christine; Palta, Priit; Joyce, Christopher J.; Scott, Carol; Grundberg, Elin; Deloukas, Panos; Palotie, Aarno; Coffey, Alison J. (Public Library of Science, 2012)
  • Karttunen, Lauri; Koskenniemi, Kimmo; Kaplan, Ronald (Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University, 1987)
  • Gritsevich, Maria; Vinnikov, Vladimir; Kohout, Tomas; Toth, Juraj; Peltoniemi, Jouni; Turchak, Leonid; Virtanen, Jenni (University of Arizona, Dept. of Geosciences, 2014)
    Abstract–In this study, we conduct a detailed analysis of the Košice meteorite fall (February28, 2010), to derive a reliable law describing the mass distribution among the recovered fragments. In total, 218 fragments of the Košice meteorite, with a total mass of 11.285 kg, were analyzed. Bimodal Weibull, bimodal Grady, and bimodal lognormal distributions are found to be the most appropriate for describing the Košice fragmentation process. Based on the assumption of bimodal lognormal, bimodal Grady, bimodal sequential, and bimodal Weibull fragmentation distributions, we suggest that, prior to further extensive fragmentation in the lower atmosphere, the Košice meteoroid was initially represented by two independent pieces with cumulative residual masses of approximately 2 and 9 kg, respectively. The smaller piece produced about 2 kg of multiple lightweight meteorite fragments with the mean around 12 g. The larger one resulted in 9 kg of meteorite fragments, recovered on the ground, including the two heaviest pieces of 2.374 kg and 2.167 kg with the mean around 140 g. Based on our investigations, we conclude that two to three larger fragments of 500–1000 g each should exist, but were either not recovered or not reported by illegal meteorite hunters.
  • Holmgren, Noel Michael Andre; Norrstrom, Niclas; Aps, Robert; Kuikka, Sakari (Public Library of Science, 2014)
  • Peltonen, Matti (SKS Finnish Literature Society, 2013)
    Studia historica
  • Du, Mian; Yangarber, Roman (2015)
    Single-document summarization aims to reduce the size of a text document while preserving the most important information. Much work has been done on open-domain summarization. This paper presents an automatic way to mine domain-specific patterns from text documents. With a small amount of effort required for manual selection, these patterns can be used for domain-specific scenario-based document summarization and information extraction. Our evaluation shows that scenario-based document summarization can both filter irrelevant documents and create summaries for relevant documents within the specified domain.
  • Torppa, Ritva; Faulkner, Andrew; Vainio, Martti; Järvikivi, Juhani (2010)
    Two experiments investigated the perception of compound vs. phrasal stress and narrow focus in normally hearing children and children with Cochlear Implants (CI). Additionally, we investigated whether musical experience would predict children’s performance in these tasks. The results showed no difference between CI and normal-hearing (NH) children in either experiment. However, whereas we found no clear effect of age in the children’s stress detection, there was a clear age related trajectory in the ability to recognise (narrow) focus. Moreover, this trend was similar to what has been found previously for English children. Importantly, prior music experience was significantly linked to CI children’s perception of focus.
  • Cardone, Giuseppe; Nazarov, Sergey; Taskinen, Jari (ELSEVIER FRANCE, 2009)
  • Makgahlela, Mahlako; Mäntysaari, Esa; Strandén, Ismo; Koivula, Minna; Sillanpää, Mikko; Nielsen, Ulrik; Juga, Jarmo (2011)
    Interbull Bulletin
    Current genomic prediction equations, when carried out in multiple populations with admixed structures ignore structure and assume these populations are uniform. The observed reliabilities of direct genomic breeding values (DGV) for unproven bulls in these populations so far have been low. The current study evaluated reliabilities of DGV in selection candidates using multi-trait random regression model which account for interactions between marker effects and breed of origin in the admixed Nordic Red dairy cattle. Our breed-specific model used breed proportions (BP) as random predictors and deregressed proofs of estimated breeding values (DRP) as response variables weighted by approximated reliability of DRP. Reliabilities were explored as squared correlation between DRP and DGV, weighted by the mean reliability of DRP. Estimated reliabilities were low for milk (0.32) and protein (0.32) and slightly higher (0.42) for fat. Observed reliabilities were similar to those estimated assuming homogenous structure. The Nordic Red cattle is admixed but closely related, thus, the model under investigation may have been unable to differentiate additive genetic effects by breed of origin with a medium dense marker data
  • Tirri, Kirsi; Tolppanen, Sakari Petteri; Aksela, Maija Katariina; Kuusisto, Elina (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012)
    This study investigated the number and nature of gifted female and male students’ scientific, societal, and moral questions concerning science. The participants (N=658) of this study were 16-19 year-old international students from 55 countries, and two continents, Asia and Europe. They applied to participate in the Millennium Youth Camp held in 2011 in Finland. The students came from scientifically and mathematically oriented schools and they had shown an interest towards science through competitions, school success, and their own research. The students were asked to formulate questions they would like to get answers to during the camp. The nature and number of the students’ questions were analyzed with qualitative and quantitative content analysis. The results showed that the boys asked more scientific questions than the girls, and the girls asked more societal questions than the boys. The students asked less questions about morality than scientific or societal questions. The most common questions about morality were related to pollution and fresh air, environmental problems, and water protection. The results point to the need for teachers to teach socioscientific issues and discuss moral questions related to science. This should be done to increase moral sensitivity and influence the future of humankind.
  • Määttänen, Pentti (Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, 1993)
    Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, Dissertationes Humanarum Litterarum 64
  • Pyykkönen, Pirita; Järvikivi, Juhani (HOGREFE & HUBER PUBLISHERS, 2010)
    A visual world eye-tracking study investigated the activation and persistence of implicit causality information in spoken language comprehension. We showed that people infer the implicit causality of verbs as soon as they encounter such verbs in discourse, as is predicted by proponents of the immediate focusing account (Greene & McKoon, 1995; Koornneef & Van Berkum, 2006; Van Berkum, Koornneef, Otten, & Nieuwland, 2007). Interestingly, we observed activation of implicit causality information even before people encountered the causal conjunction. However, while implicit causality information was persistent as the discourse unfolded, it did not have a privileged role as a focusing cue immediately at the ambiguous pronoun when people were resolving its antecedent. Instead, our study indicated that implicit causality does not affect all referents to the same extent, rather it interacts with other cues in the discourse, especially when one of the referents is already prominently in focus.
  • Palviainen, Mari J; Junnikkala, Sami; Raekallio, Marja; Meri, Seppo; Vainio, Outi (BioMed Central, 2015)
    Abstract Background Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to treat inflammatory pain in humans and animals. An overdose of an NSAID is nephrotoxic and can lead to acute kidney injury (AKI). Complement activation occurs in several types of renal disorders with proteinuria. The aim of this study was to investigate whether complement system becomes activated in kidneys after a high dose of NSAID. Kidney tissue and urine samples were collected from six sheep with ketoprofen-induced AKI and from six healthy control sheep. The localization of complement proteins in kidney tissue was carried out using immunohistochemical stainings, and excretion of C3 was tested by immunoblotting. Results The complement system was found to become activated in the kidney tissue as demonstrated by positive immunostaining for C1q, C3c, C4c, C5, C9 and factor H and by Western blotting analysis of C3 activation products in urine samples in sheep with AKI. Conclusions Our results thus suggest that the alternative complement pathway is activated, and it may contribute to the acute tubular injury seen in the kidneys of NSAID-induced AKI sheep. Inhibition of complement activation may serve as potential therapeutic target for intervention in drug-induced AKI.