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  • Karisto, Antti (2007)
    The paper offers a generational viewpoint to population ageing with the example of the Finnish baby boomers. The paper first outlines the special characteristics of the Finnish baby boomers as a cohort and a generation. Secondly, it goes on to shortly describe their life courses in order to build an understanding on what their future life might be. Finally, the paper discusses the coming retirement years of the boomer generation in terms of the emergence of the “third age”, i.e. a life period between working age and old age proper. The concept of the third age may offer an alternative viewpoint to population ageing, which so often is discussed only in terms of increasing pension expenditures and care burden.
  • Voigt, H.-R. (Nordenskiöld-samfundet, 1972)
  • Głowacka, Dorota; Hore, Sayantan (2014)
    CEUR Workshop Proceedings
  • Horsti, Karina (Unipub, 2010)
  • Hakala, Emma (Taylor & Francis, 2013)
  • Lindstedt, Jouko (Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2009)
  • Skadina, Inguna; Vasiljevs, Andrejs; Borin, Lars; Linden, Krister; Losnegaard, Gyri; Olsen, Sussi; Pedersen, Bolette; Rozis, Robert; De Smedt, Koenraad (2013)
    This paper describes scientific, technical and legal work done on the creation of the linguistic infrastructure for the Nordic and Baltic countries. The paper describes the research on assessment of the language technology support for languages of Baltic and Nordic countries, on establishing language resource sharing infrastructure and collection and description of linguistic resources. We present improvements necessary to ensure usability and interoperability of language resources, discuss IPR issues related to intellectual property rights for complex resources, describe extension of infrastructure through integration of language-resource specific repositories. Work on treebanks, wordnets, terminology resources and finite-state technology is described in more details. Finally, our approach on ensuring sustainability of infrastructure is discussed.
  • Turoma, Sanna (Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Södertörn University, 2014)
  • Lehvävirta, S.; Rita, H.; Koivula, M. (Elsevier GmbH, 2004)
    In order to maintain indigenous, self-regenerating tree populations in urban woodlands, it is essential to identify factors affecting the survival of tree seedlings and saplings. In densely populated areas, intensive recreational use may cause considerable wear of the vegetation and soil, and decrease the total number of saplings. At the same time trees, high stones and other structural elements in a woodland patch can act as natural barriers and give shelter against wear. Hence, we hypothesised that with an increasing amount of wear, a greater proportion of tree saplings survive, and is thus found, close to these natural barriers. We tested this hypothesis with observational data, and described the microhabitat associations of different sapling species in detail to define the most favourable or unfavourable microhabitats. We recorded the microhabitats of saplings and randomly chosen points in 30 medium-fertile Picea abies dominant woodlands in Helsinki and the surroundings, Finland. The description included location in relation to physical objects (stones, trees, topography, etc.), other saplings, vegetation and canopy. We then compared the sapling microhabitats to those available (the random points). Our results suggest that the microhabitat associations of saplings change with increasing wear: Sorbus aucuparia, Populus tremula, Rhamnus frangula, Picea abies and Acer platanoides saplings grew more often close to natural barriers (obstacles X30 cm high excluding other saplings), the first three showing a statistically significant response to wear in logistic regression models. The saplings were able to grow in a variety of microhabitats, but the species also differed in their microhabitat associations. In general, saplings grew in groups, and in worn sites the grouping was more pronounced. With increasing wear the saplings associated more positively with trees, canopy cover and lush vegetation.
  • Heinonen, Jussi S.; Luttinen, Arto V. (Suomen Geologinen Seura, 2013)
    Our two-person “flood basalt task force” (authors Arto Luttinen and Jussi Heinonen) of the Finnish Museum of Natural History (LUOMUS) spent three weeks in Mozambican countryside collecting samples of the little-studied flood basalt formations of the Jurassic ~180 Ma Karoo large igneous province. The expedition was related to the recently launched MARZ (Magmatism in the Africa- Antarctica Rift Zone) project that is funded by the Academy of Finland. Fieldwork was carried out within three provinces, Tete, Sofala, and Manica in cooperation with Professor Daud Jamal, Dr. Estêvão Sumburane, Mr. Teofilo Gove (all from the Eduardo Mondlane University in Maputo), and Dr. António Alface (Direcção Nacional de Geologia, Tete). During the field campaign, we took lodging in towns and villages and also camped on the forest savannah, and were greatly impressed by the friendliness and helpfulness of the local people. Despite the tropical conditions, the quality of the bedrock outcrops was surprisingly good and we were able to collect ~150 rock samples, well above our initial expectations. The samples will be analysed for major and trace elements, Sr and Nd isotopes, and selected samples will be used for Ar- Ar plagioclase and U-Pb zircon dating. Our samples are from areas that have not been previously studied in detail and the results hopefully will shed light on the mysteries related to the origin of Karoo and other flood basalt provinces. More information about the MARZ project: marzENG.htm
  • Cheng, Lu; Walker, Alan W.; Corander, Jukka (OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2012)
  • Barron, Andrew; Roos, Teemu; Watanabe, Kazuho (2014)
  • Engler, Philipp; Tervala, Juha (School of Business & Economics, Freie Universität Berlin, 2010)
    School of Business & Economics Discussion Papers
  • Suuronen, Jussi-Petteri; Kallonen, Aki Petteri; Hänninen, Ville; Blomberg, Merja; Hämäläinen, Keijo; Serimaa, Ritva (WILEY-BLACKWELL MUNKSGAARD, 2014)
    This article describes a novel experimental setup that combines X-ray microtomography (XMT) scans with in situ X-ray scattering experiments in a laboratory setting. Combining these two methods allows the characterization of both the micrometre-scale morphology and the crystallographic properties of the sample without removing it from the setup. Precise control of the position of the sample allows an accurate choice of the scattering beam path through the sample and facilitates the performance of X-ray scattering experiments on submillimetre-sized samples. With the present setup, a voxel size of less than 0.5 mm is achievable in the XMT images, and scattering experiments can be carried out with a beam size of approximately 200 200 mm. The potential of this setup is illustrated with the analysis of micrometeorite crystal structure and diffraction tomographic imaging of a silver behenate phantom as example applications.
  • Takala, Tuija; Häyry, Matti (WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING LTD., 2007)
    This paper examines the logic and morality of the German Stem Cell Act of 2002. After a brief description of the law’s scope and intent, its ethical dimensions are analysed in terms of symbolic threats, indirect consequences, and the encouragement of immorality. The conclusions are twofold. For those who want to accept the law, the arguments for its rationality and morality can be sound. For others, the emphasis on the uniqueness of the German experience, the combination of absolute and qualified value judgments, and the lingering questions of indirect encouragement of immoral activities will probably be too much.
  • Hietanen, Susanna; Tuominen, Liisa; Kuparinen, Jorma (INTER-RESEARCH, 1999)
  • Peltonen, Matti (2000)
    I have already depicted the Finnish national self-image in terms of a bipolar model. Finnishness was first perceived as the antithesis of Swedishness using languagebased stereotypical concepts. Later, the Finnish wilderness was contrasted with the European urban culture and its long history. As observed in an article by Juri Lotman and Boris Uspenski (1985) dealing with bipolar models in Russian cultural history, the new is never simply the old turned on its head, nor is all of the old automatically wiped away. Despite the powerful nature of experiences associated with transitions and turning-points, the semi-subconscious continuities of history exert a compelling force all their own. The most enduring feature of the Finnish self-image is that even at its most favourable, even in Topelius's "Matti", Finnishness is defined as a lack of intellectual capacity. On the other hand, however, periods of transition are highly interesting because at these junctures, what start out as seemingly insignificant events may prove to be crucial in guiding activity onto the course it will take for some time. At historical turning-points, the mythical elements of older stereotypes are transformed in exciting ways. The turning-points for the Finnish self-image, that is, the turn of the last century and post-war years, were periods of dramatic change in terms of Finland's position in the international community and internal power relations. These external and internal aspects are also tightly interwoven in our national stereotypes. The fears and anxieties of the elite engaged in defining these stereotypes were projected onto the "folk" and were transformed into the "folk's" problematic qualities, intellectual incapacity and cultural immaturity. It is possible to conjecture that a new geographically bipolar image of Finnishness founded on mythical concepts may have taken shape in the 1990s. The regional distribution of the votes for and against European Union membership was one of the most reported aspects of the referendum results. In addition, many bargaining issues and administrative arrangements have brought regional groupings into the public eye. At the level of imagery, Finland has already been repeatedly divided into two parts which could become known as "Euro-Finland" and "Forest-Finland". We are clearly reverting to the Porthanian division of the 1700s, which was founded on the distinction between the civilized and forward-looking inhabitants of the coastal regions, and the reserved and backward population of the hinterlands. The significant difference is, however, that now the "Forest-Finland" tends to reach the coast even in the capital region and the "Euro-Finland" is in danger of falling entirely outside Finnish borders.
  • Capasso, Cristian; Hirvinen, Mari; Cerullo, Vincenzo (MDPI AG, 2013)
    Viral vectors have been extensively studied due to their great transduction efficiency compared to non-viral vectors. These vectors have been used extensively in gene therapy, enabling the comprehension of, not only the advantages of these vectors, but also the limitations, such as the activation of the immune system after vector administration. Moreover, the need to control the target of the vector has led to the development of chemical and non-chemical modifications of the vector surface, allowing researchers to modify the tropism and biodistribution profile of the vector, leading to the production of viral vectors able to target different tissues and organs. This review describes recent non-genetic modifications of the surfaces of viral vectors to decrease immune system activation and to control tissue targeting. The developments described herein provide opportunities for applications of gene therapy to treat acquired disorders and genetic diseases and to become useful tools in regenerative medicine.