Browsing by Author "Aaltonen, T."

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  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF Collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2010)
    We combine searches by the CDF and D0 collaborations for a Higgs boson decaying to W+W-. The data correspond to an integrated total luminosity of 4.8 (CDF) and 5.4 (D0) fb-1 of p-pbar collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. No excess is observed above background expectation, and resulting limits on Higgs boson production exclude a standard-model Higgs boson in the mass range 162-166 GeV at the 95% C.L.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF Collaboration (American Physical Society, 2010)
    We combine results from searches by the CDF and D0 collaborations for a standard model Higgs boson (H) in the process gg->H->W+W- in p=pbar collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV. With 4.8 fb-1 of integrated luminosity analyzed at CDF and 5.4 fb-1 at D0, the 95% Confidence Level upper limit on \sigma(gg->H) x B(H->W+W-) is 1.75 pb at m_H=120 GeV, 0.38 pb at m_H=165 GeV, and 0.83 pb at m_H=200 GeV. Assuming the presence of a fourth sequential generation of fermions with large masses, we exclude at the 95% Confidence Level a standard-model-like Higgs boson with a mass between 131 and 204 GeV.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Mäki, T.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We present the first direct measurement of the $W$ production charge asymmetry as a function of the $W$ boson rapidity $\yW$ in $\ppbar$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$ $\TeV$. We use a sample of $\wenu$ events in data from 1 $\ifb$ of integrated luminosity collected using the CDF II detector. In the region $|\yW|
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth; CDF collaboration (American Physical Society, 2009)
    We present a measurement of the mass of the top quark using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.9fb^-1 of ppbar collisions collected at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV with the CDF II detector at Fermilab's Tevatron. This is the first measurement of the top quark mass using top-antitop pair candidate events in the lepton + jets and dilepton decay channels simultaneously. We reconstruct two observables in each channel and use a non-parametric kernel density estimation technique to derive two-dimensional probability density functions from simulated signal and background samples. The observables are the top quark mass and the invariant mass of two jets from the W decay in the lepton + jets channel, and the top quark mass and the scalar sum of transverse energy of the event in the dilepton channel. We perform a simultaneous fit for the top quark mass and the jet energy scale, which is constrained in situ by the hadronic W boson mass. Using 332 lepton + jets candidate events and 144 dilepton candidate events, we measure the top quark mass to be mtop=171.9 +/- 1.7 (stat. + JES) +/- 1.1 (syst.) GeV/c^2 = 171.9 +/- 2.0 GeV/c^2.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth; CDF Collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We present a measurement of the transverse momentum with respect to the jet axis ($k_{T}$) of particles in jets produced in $p\bar p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV. Results are obtained for charged particles within a cone of opening angle 0.5 radians around the jet axis in events with dijet invariant masses between 66 and 737 GeV/c$^{2}$. The experimental data are compared to theoretical predictions obtained for fragmentation partons within the framework of resummed perturbative QCD using the modified leading log and next-to-modified leading log approximations. The comparison shows that trends in data are successfully described by the theoretical predictions, indicating that the perturbative QCD stage of jet fragmentation is dominant in shaping basic jet characteristics.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth; CDF Collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We report a measurement of the top quark mass $M_t$ in the dilepton decay channel $t\bar{t}\to b\ell'^{+}\nu'_\ell\bar{b}\ell^{-}\bar{\nu}_{\ell}$. Events are selected with a neural network which has been directly optimized for statistical precision in top quark mass using neuroevolution, a technique modeled on biological evolution. The top quark mass is extracted from per-event probability densities that are formed by the convolution of leading order matrix elements and detector resolution functions. The joint probability is the product of the probability densities from 344 candidate events in 2.0 fb$^{-1}$ of $p\bar{p}$ collisions collected with the CDF II detector, yielding a measurement of $M_t= 171.2\pm 2.7(\textrm{stat.})\pm 2.9(\textrm{syst.})\mathrm{GeV}/c^2$.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Maki, T.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We have observed the reactions p+pbar --> p+X+pbar, with X being a centrally produced J/psi, psi(2S) or chi_c0, and gamma+gamma --> mu+mu-, in proton- antiproton collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV using the Run II Collider Detector at Fermilab. The event signature requires two oppositely charged muons, each with pseudorapidity |eta| mu+mu-. Events with a J/psi and an associated photon candidate are consistent with exclusive chi_c0 production through double pomeron exchange. The exclusive vector meson production is as expected for elastic photo- production, gamma+p --> J/psi(psi(2S)) + p, which is observed here for the first time in hadron-hadron collisions. The cross sections ds/dy(y=0) for p + pbar --> p + X + pbar with X = J/psi, psi(2S) orchi_c0 are 3.92+/-0.62 nb, 0.53+/-0.14 nb, and 75+/-14 nb respectively. The cross section for the continuum, with |eta(mu+/-)|
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth; CDF Collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We search for new charmless decays of neutral b-hadrons to pairs of charged hadrons with the upgraded Collider Detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. Using a data sample corresponding to 1 fb-1 of integrated luminosity, we report the first observation of the B0s->K-pi+ decay, with a significance of 8.2 sigma, and measure BR(B0s->K-pi+)= (5.0+-0.7(stat)+-0.8(syst))*10^{-6}. We also report the first observation of charmless b-baryon decays in the channels Lambda_b -> p pi and Lambda_b -> pK with significances of 6.0 sigma and 11.5 sigma respectively, and we measure BR(Lambda_b->p pi-) = (3.5+-0.6(stat)+-0.9(syst))*10^{-6} and BR(Lambda_b->p K-) = (5.6+-0.8(stat)+-1.5(syst))*10^{-6}. No evidence is found for the decays B0->K+K- and B0s -> pi+pi-, and we set an improved upper limit BR(B0s -> pi+pi-) K+pi-)$ as a reference.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, Risto; Maki, T.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We present an analysis of the mass of the X(3872) reconstructed via its decay to J/psi pi+ pi- using 2.4 fb^-1 of integrated luminosity from ppbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV, collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. The possible existence of two nearby mass states is investigated. Within the limits of our experimental resolution the data are consistent with a single state, and having no evidence for two states we set upper limits on the mass difference between two hypothetical states for different assumed ratios of contributions to the observed peak. For equal contributions, the 95% confidence level upper limit on the mass difference is 3.6 MeV/c^2. Under the single-state model the X(3872) mass is measured to be 3871.61 +- 0.16 (stat) +- 0.19 (syst) MeV/c^2, which is the most precise determination to date.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Maki, T.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF collaboration (American Physical Society, 2009)
    We have measured the differential cross section for the inclusive production of psi(2S) mesons decaying to mu^{+} mu^{-1} that were produced in prompt or B-decay processes from ppbar collisions at 1.96 TeV. These measurements have been made using a data set from an integrated luminosity of 1.1 fb^{-1} collected by the CDF II detector at Fermilab. For events with transverse momentum p_{T} (psi(2S)) > 2 GeV/c and rapidity |y(psi(2S))| psi(2S)X) Br(psi(2S) -> mu^{+} mu^{-}) to be 3.29 +- 0.04(stat.) +- 0.32(syst.) nb.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Maki, T.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    A search for a narrow diphoton mass resonance is presented based on data from 3.0 fb^{-1} of integrated luminosity from p-bar p collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF experiment. No evidence of a resonance in the diphoton mass spectrum is observed, and upper limits are set on the cross section times branching fraction of the resonant state as a function of Higgs boson mass. The resulting limits exclude Higgs bosons with masses below 106 GeV at a 95% Bayesian credibility level (C.L.) for one fermiophobic benchmark model.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth (American Institute of Physics, 2008)
    We present a search for a Higgs boson decaying to two W bosons in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV center-of-mass energy. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb-1 collected with the CDF II detector. We find no evidence for production of a Higgs boson with mass between 110 and 200 GeV/c^2, and determine upper limits on the production cross section. For the mass of 160 GeV/c^2, where the analysis is most sensitive, the observed (expected) limit is 0.7 pb (0.9 pb) at 95% Bayesian credibility level which is 1.7 (2.2) times the standard model cross section.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Maki, T.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF collaboration (American Physical Society, 2009)
    We present a signature-based search for anomalous production of events containing a photon, two jets, of which at least one is identified as originating from a b quark, and missing transverse energy. The search uses data corresponding to 2.0/fb of integrated luminosity from p-pbar collisions at a center-of-mass energy of sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV, collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. From 6,697,466 events with a photon candidate with transverse energy ET> 25 GeV, we find 617 events with missing transverse energy > 25 GeV and two or more jets with ET> 15 GeV, at least one identified as originating from a b quark, versus an expectation of 607+- 113 events. Increasing the requirement on missing transverse energy to 50 GeV, we find 28 events versus an expectation of 30+-11 events. We find no indications of non-standard-model phenomena.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF collaboration (American Physical Society, 2010)
    We present results of a search for anomalous production of two photons together with an electron, muon, $\tau$ lepton, missing transverse energy, or jets using $p\bar{p}$ collision data from 1.1-2.0 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). The event yields and kinematic distributions are examined for signs of new physics without favoring a specific model of new physics. The results are consistent with the standard model expectations. The search employs several new analysis techniques that significantly reduce instrumental backgrounds in channels with an electron and missing transverse energy.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth; CDF Collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2008)
    We have performed a search for Bs-->mu+mu- and Bd-->mu+mu- decays in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.96TeV using 2fb-1 of integrated luminosity collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The observed number of Bs and Bd candidates is consistent with background expectations. The resulting upper limits on the branching fractions are B(Bs-->mu+mu-) mu+mu-)
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Maki, T.; Saarikko, Heimo; Osterberg, K.; CDF collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We report the recent charged Higgs search in top quark decays in 2.2/fb CDF data. This is the first attempt to search for charged Higgs using fully reconstructed mass assuming H->c-sbar in small tan beta region. No evidence of a charged Higgs is observed in the CDF data, hence 95% upper limits are placed at B(t->H+b)
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Maki, T.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K.; CDF collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We present a search for exclusive Z boson production in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV, using the CDF II detector at Fermilab. We observe no exclusive Z->ll candidates and place the first upper limit on the exclusive Z cross section in hadron collisions, sigma(exclu) gammagamma->p+ll+pbar, and measure the cross section for M(ll) > 40 GeV/c2 and |eta(l)|
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtala, P.; Orava, R.; Maki, T.; Saarikko, H.; Osterberg, K. (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We present the results of a search for Higgs bosons predicted in two-Higgs-doublet models, in the case where the Higgs bosons decay to tau lepton pairs, using 1.8 inverse fb of integrated luminosity of proton-antiproton collisions recorded by the CDF II experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. Studying the observed mass distribution in events where one or both tau leptons decay leptonically, no evidence for a Higgs boson signal is observed. The result is used to infer exclusion limits in the two-dimensional parameter space of tan beta versus m(A).
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth; CDF collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    A search for high-mass resonances in the $e^+e^-$ final state is presented based on 2.5 fb$^{-1}$ of $\sqrt{s}=$1.96 TeV $p\bar{p}$ collision data from the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. The largest excess over the standard model prediction is at an $e^+e^-$ invariant mass of 240 GeV/$c^2$. The probability of observing such an excess arising from fluctuations in the standard model anywhere in the mass range of 150--1,000 GeV/$c^2$ is 0.6% (equivalent to 2.5 $\sigma$). We exclude the standard model coupling $Z'$ and the Randall-Sundrum graviton for $k/\overline{M}_{Pl}=0.1$ with masses below 963 and 848 GeV/$c^2$ at the 95% credibility level, respectively.
  • Aaltonen, T.; Mehtälä, Petteri; Orava, Risto; Mäki, Tuula; Saarikko, Heimo; Österberg, Kenneth; CDF Collaboration (American Institute of Physics, 2009)
    We present a search for high-mass neutral resonances using dimuon data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 fb$^{-1}$ collected in {$p\bar p$} collisions at {$\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96 TeV} by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. No significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed in the dimuon invariant-mass spectrum. We set 95% confidence level upper limits on $\sigma \cdot BR (p \bar{p} \to X \to \mu \bar{\mu})$, where $X$ is a boson with spin 0, 1, or 2. Using these cross section limits, we determine lower mass limits on sneutrinos in R-parity-violating supersymmetric models, $Z'$ bosons, and Kaluza-Klein gravitons in the Randall-Sundrum model.