Empirical Studies on Labor Market Matching (summary section only)

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Title: Empirical Studies on Labor Market Matching (summary section only)
Author: Soininen, Heidi
Contributor: Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Economics, Economics
Publisher: Svenska handelshögskolan
Date: 2006-06-06
Number of pages: 312325 bytes
Belongs to series: Economics and Society - 159
ISBN: 951-555-917-0
ISSN: 0424-7256
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10227/61
Thesis level: Doctoral thesis
Abstract: This thesis analyzes how matching takes place at the Finnish labor market from three different angles. The Finnish labor market has undergone severe structural changes following the economic crisis in the early 1990s. The labor market has had problems adjusting from these changes and hence a high and persistent unemployment has followed. In this thesis I analyze if matching problems, and in particular if changes in matching, can explain some of this persistence. The thesis consists of three essays. In the first essay Finnish Evidence of Changes in the Labor Market Matching Process the matching process at the Finnish labor market is analyzed. The key finding is that the matching process has changed thoroughly between the booming 1980s and the post-crisis period. The importance of the number of unemployed, and in particular long-term unemployed, for the matching process has vanished. More unemployed do not increase matching as theory predicts but rather the opposite. In the second essay, The Aggregate Matching Function and Directed Search -Finnish Evidence, stock-flow matching as a potential micro foundation of the aggregate matching function is studied. In the essay I show that newly unemployed match mainly with the stock of vacancies while longer term unemployed match with the inflow of vacancies. When aggregating I still find evidence of the traditional aggregate matching function. This could explain the huge support the aggregate matching function has received despite its odd randomness assumption. The third essay, How do Registered Job Seekers really match? -Finnish occupational level Evidence, studies matching for nine occupational groups and finds that very different matching problems exist for different occupations. In this essay also misspecification stemming from non-corresponding variables is dealt with through the introduction of a completely new set of variables. The new outflow measure used is vacancies filled with registered job seekers and it is matched by the supply side measure registered job seekers.
Subject: labor market matching
matching function
beveridge curve
cointegrated VAR-analysis
occupational matching
stock-flow matching
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