The Impact of Readily Detected- and Underlying Attributes on Social Integration in Cross-Cultural Settings

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Title: The Impact of Readily Detected- and Underlying Attributes on Social Integration in Cross-Cultural Settings
Author: Peltokorpi, Vesa
Other contributor: Svenska handelshögskolan, Institutionen för företagsledning och organisation, företagsledning och organisation
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Management and Organisation, Management and Organisation
Publisher: Svenska handelshögskolan
Date: 2003-11-28
Language: en
Number of pages: 1837 bytes
Belongs to series: Economics and Society - 118
ISBN: 951-555-791-7
Thesis level: Doctoral thesis
Abstract: The benefits and drawbacks of homogeneity and heterogeneity have been debated at length. Whereas some researchers assert that heterogeneity is beneficial for groups that are engaged in complex problem solving, the other researchers emphasize the potential costs associated with diversity. The inconsistency is a result of the incomplete measurement of diversity and focus one or two types of diversity. Most research concentrates on the readily detected/visible characteristics, making the assumption that such characteristics are related to underlying attributes (e.g., attitudes and values). In many cases, the demographic characteristics do not covary perfectly with the psychological attributes. Thus both types of attributes need to be utilized to fully understand the impact of diversity. The present research with four essays takes into account both types of attributes and tests their impact on social integration in cross-cultural settings. The results indicate that: (1) readily detectable- and underlying attributes are not related; (2) diversity has overall a negative impact on social integration; (3) socio-cultural context potentially influences the salience of diversity; and (4) diversity and social integration influences the formation of social cognition in form of transactive memory directories. The limits of research and managerial implications are discussed.
Subject: communication
readily detected- and underlying attributes
socio-cultural context
social integration
Rights: Publikationen är skyddad av upphovsrätten. Den får läsas och skrivas ut för personligt bruk. Användning i kommersiellt syfte är förbjuden.

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