Mate choice evolution, dominance effects, and the maintenance of genetic variation.

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dc.contributor.author Lehmann, Laurent en
dc.contributor.author Keller, Lukas F en
dc.contributor.author Kokko, Hanna en
dc.contributor.other Laboratory of Ecological and Evolutionary Dynamic, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. LL316@cam.ac.uk en
dc.date.accessioned 2007-10-22T12:33:55Z en
dc.date.accessioned 2009-06-17T14:02:22Z
dc.date.available 2007-10-22T12:33:55Z en
dc.date.available 2009-06-17T14:02:22Z
dc.date.issued 2007 en
dc.identifier.citation J Theor Biol. 2007 Jan 21;244(2):282-95. Epub 2006 Aug 12. en
dc.identifier.issn 0022-5193
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.07.033 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1975/6213
dc.description.abstract Female mate choice influences the maintenance of genetic variation by altering the mating success of males with different genotypes. The evolution of preferences themselves, on the other hand, depends on genetic variation present in the population. Few models have tracked this feedback between a choice gene and its effects on genetic variation, in particular when genes that determine offspring viability and attractiveness have dominance effects. Here we build a population genetic model that allows comparing the evolution of various choice rules in a single framework. We first consider preferences for good genes and show that focused preferences for homozygotes evolve more easily than broad preferences, which allow heterozygous males high mating success too. This occurs despite better maintenance of genetic diversity in the latter scenario, and we discuss why empirical findings of superior mating success of heterozygous males consequently do not immediately lead to a better understanding of the lek paradox. Our results thus suggest that the mechanisms that help maintain genetic diversity also have a flipside of making female choice an inaccurate means of producing the desired kind of offspring. We then consider preferences for heterozygosity per se, and show that these evolve only under very special conditions. Choice for compatible genotypes can evolve but its selective advantage diminishes quickly due to frequency-dependent selection. Finally, we show that our model reproduces earlier results on selfing, when the female choice strategy produces assortative mating. Overall, our model indicates that various forms of heterozygote-favouring (or variable) female choice pose a problem for the theory of sexual ornamentation based on indirect benefits, rather than a solution. en
dc.language eng en
dc.subject.mesh Animals en
dc.subject.mesh Choice Behavior en
dc.subject.mesh *Evolution en
dc.subject.mesh Female en
dc.subject.mesh Genotype en
dc.subject.mesh Heterozygote en
dc.subject.mesh Homozygote en
dc.subject.mesh Life Cycle Stages en
dc.subject.mesh Male en
dc.subject.mesh *Models, Genetic en
dc.subject.mesh *Sexual Behavior, Animal en
dc.subject.mesh *Social Dominance en
dc.subject.mesh *Variation (Genetics) en
dc.subject.other female choice en
dc.subject.other heterozygosity en
dc.subject.other inbreeding depression en
dc.subject.other dominance en
dc.subject.other genetic variation en
dc.subject.other sexual selection en
dc.title Mate choice evolution, dominance effects, and the maintenance of genetic variation. en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.type Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't en
dc.identifier.laitoskoodi B57115 fi
dc.creator.corporateName Ekologia ja evoluutiobiologia (Bio- ja ympäristötieteiden laitos) fi
dc.creator.corporateName Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences) en
dc.creator.corporateName Ekologi och evolutionsbiologi (Institutionen för bio- och miljövetenskaper) sv
dc.identifier.pmid 16979189 en
dc.identifier.journal Journal of theoretical biology en

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