Do males matter? The role of males in population dynamics

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OIKOS 2007 vol 116 (2 )335-348

Title: Do males matter? The role of males in population dynamics
Author: Rankin, Daniel J.; Kokko, Hanna
Date: 2007
Language: en
ISSN: 0030-1299
Abstract: Models of population dynamics generally neglect the presence of males. While this assumption holds under many circumstances, behavioural ecology increasingly tells that the presence (or absence) of males may have an impact on female fitness, and hence population sizes. Here we ask the question of whether males matter to population dynamics, operationally defined as a dependency of population growth on the relative density of males. We provide simple models, and evaluate the current 8 empirical evidence for them, that illustrate various mechanisms of such male influence: mate searching behavior, male resource use (including effects of sexual dimorphism), sexual harassment and sexual segregation. In each case, theory predicts that males can have an effect on population densities, and in some extreme cases a positive feedback between an increasingly male-biased sex ratio and the effects on female harassment may theoretically even bring about population extinction. The results of this study, and the literature reviewed, show that the males can have a substantial effect on population dynamics, particularly so when human influences result in biased sex ratios.
Subject: population density, sexual selection, sexual conflict, mate finding, male, resource use, sexual harassment, density dependence
sexual selection

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