Bonds, Currencies and Expectational Errors

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Title: Bonds, Currencies and Expectational Errors
Author: Granziera, Eleonora ; Sihvonen, Markus
Organization: Bank of Finland
Series: Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers
Series number: 7/2020
Year of publication: 2020
Publication date: 11.10.2020
Pages: 53
Subject (yso): ennusteet; virheet; odotukset; korko; joukkovelkakirjat; valuutat; valuuttamarkkinat; tuotto
JEL: E43; F31; D84
Other keywords: bond and currency premia; sticky expectations; interest rate forecast errors
Abstract: We propose a model in which sticky expectations concerning short-term interest rates generate joint predictability patterns in bond and currency markets. Using our calibrated model, we quantify the effect of this channel and find that it largely explains why short rates and yield spreads predict bond and currency returns. The model also creates the downward sloping term structure of carry trade returns documented by Lustig et al. (2019), difficult to replicate in a rational expectations framework. Consistent with the model, we find that variables that predict bond and currency returns also predict survey-based expectational errors concerning interest and FX rates. The model explains why monetary policy induces drift patterns in bond and currency markets and predicts that long-term rates are a better gauge of market’s short rate expectations than previously thought.

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