Capital Flows and the Instability of Small Economies

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/11581
Title: Capital Flows and the Instability of Small Economies
Author: Owusu, Henry
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Political Science
Thesis level: Master's thesis
Abstract: That the financial system is an important source of instability and the propagation mechanism for cyclical fluctuations has come to the fore in the face of the Asian financial crisis. Many economist have argued that, the unregulated operation of the financial markets can lead to excessive fluctuations even in the absense of shocks impinging on the rest of the economy. The study analyses the effects of financial market integration in developing market economies. The basic model is a dynamic open-economy model with two inputs; tradable and non-tradable inputs being used in production and a credit-constraint as to the amount of credit firms' can borrow. We first show that economies at an intermediate level of financial development are more vulnerable to instability than either advanced or least developed economies. In these economies, temporary shocks may have large and long lasting effects. However, there is a limit to which such economies may cycle. This suggests that countries going through financial restructuring may become unstable in the short run. In addition, combining capital market imperfections and unequal access to investment opportunities for individuals can lead to permanent fluctuations in income and investment. Thus governments should aim at reducing inequality of access to credit which may be necessary for macroeconomic stability. Aside the above, other factors such as increases in interest rates, increased uncertainty,and assest market effects on balance sheets may impinge on the stability of small economies. These calls for countercyclical policies targeted at specific problems to be implemented in order to put the economy on a sound footing, for example, during recessions.
Description: Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler.Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library.Vain tiivistelmä. Sidottujen gradujen saatavuuden voit tarkistaa Helka-tietokannasta (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Digitaaliset gradut voivat olla luettavissa avoimesti verkossa tai rajoitetusti kirjaston opinnäytekioskeilla.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/11581
Date: 2000-10-01
Subject: capital flows - financial constraint
fluctuations - financial markets
instability - developing market economies
pääomavirrat - vaikutukset - suhdannevaihtelut
rahoitusmarkkinat - rajoitukset


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