Precursors of problem drinking based on two follow-up studies from school age to young adulthood

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Title: Precursors of problem drinking based on two follow-up studies from school age to young adulthood
Author: Pitkänen, Tuuli
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Psychology
Date: 1999-03-01
Language: en
Thesis level: Licentiate thesis
Abstract: The licentiate thesis consists of three articles. The first two articles were based on data from the Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social Development. The participants (196 males, 173 females) were studied at ages 8, 14, 20, and 26. The third article was based on a follow-up study from high school (age 17) to young adulthood (age 22) at the National Health Institute. In the first article, the predictive validity of different measures of aggression was analyzed in order to study the dependence of continuity in aggression on the methods used to measure it. Adult outcomes (including problem drinking) of highly aggressive individuals were analyzed in detail in order to find possible differences in developmental trajectories. In the second article, the data were used for the analyses of individual differences, including gender differences, in young adults' drinking behavior; behavioral precursors of adult problem drinking; and the effects of parental alcohol-related problems on their offsprings' use of alcohol. In the third article, the psychological well-being of 233 male and 418 female adolescents was followed up into young adulthood and examined in terms of their drinking styles at age 22. On the basis of these studies it can be concluded that behavioral problems and poor psychological well-being are risk factors for the development of later problem drinking, although gender differences exist. Articles: Pitkänen, T. Problem drinking and psychological well-being: a five-year follow-up study from adolescence to young adulthood. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology (in press). Pulkkinen, L. & Pitkänen, T. (1994). A prospective study on the precursors to problem drinking in young adulthood. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 55, 578-587. Pulkkinen, L. & Pitkänen, T. (1993). Continuities in aggressive behavior from childhood to adulthood. Aggressive Behavior, 19, 249-263.
Description: Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen ( Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler.Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database ( Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library.Vain tiivistelmä. Sidottujen gradujen saatavuuden voit tarkistaa Helka-tietokannasta ( Digitaaliset gradut voivat olla luettavissa avoimesti verkossa tai rajoitetusti kirjaston opinnäytekioskeilla.
Subject: problem drinking - young adults
psychological well-being - alcoholism
longitudinal study - drinking habits

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