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Barriers and Pathways to Successful Labour Market Integration of Refugees in Finland

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Use this URL to link or cite this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/13179
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Title: Barriers and Pathways to Successful Labour Market Integration of Refugees in Finland
Author: Ally, Kulsoom
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Political Science
Thesis level: Master's thesis
Abstract: This study examines the barriers and pathways to the labour market integration of refugees in Finland. Empirical data was collected in conjunction with the RESOURCE research project completed in 2003-2004 by a consortium of agencies in 14 EU member states. In Finland, 22 in-depth interviews were carried out with refugees successfully employed in one of the three target sectors, which included IT, engineering, and social and healthcare. Analysis of interview data indicates that the principle barriers to labour market entry of refugees are: lack of adequate Finnish language skills, prejudice and discrimination on the part of employers, non-recognition of previously acquired qualifications and work experience, and lack of work experience in Finland. Conversely, the main pathways to labour market success are: personal skills and competence in the form of attitudes, perseverance and diligence, strong Finnish language skills, and Finnish educational qualifications and practical training or work experience. Using key theoretical constructs of integration, human and social capital and substantive citizenship, I argue that successful employment provides refugees with a functional base for exercising social and substantive citizenship rights, thereby facilitating overall integration in the new country of residence. In particular, human and social capital elements are found to be the main facilitators of labour market integration amongst refugees, not only providing access to the immediate benefit of employment and economic security, but also leading to long-term positive developments such as increased overall integration and personal satisfaction, as well as an increased sense of belonging resulting from heightened participatory citizenship. Thus, human and social capital factors such as those identified in this study can be considered major determinants of the labour market performance of refugees in Finland.
Description: Endast avhandlingens sammandrag. Pappersexemplaret av hela avhandlingen finns för läsesalsbruk i Statsvetenskapliga biblioteket (Unionsgatan 35). Dessa avhandlingar fjärrutlånas endast som microfiche.Abstract only. The paper copy of the whole thesis is available for reading room use at the Library of Social Sciences (Unioninkatu 35) . Microfiche copies of these theses are available for interlibrary loans.Vain tiivistelmä. Opinnäytteiden sidotut arkistokappaleet ovat luettavissa HY:n keskustakampuksen valtiotieteiden kirjastossa (Unioninkatu 35). Opinnäytteitä lainataan ainoastaan mikrokortteina kirjaston kaukopalvelun välityksellä
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/13179
Date: 2005-04-26
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