A Step towards developing strategies for optimal allocation of irrigation water for food security : Farmers’ conceptions on key issues in Ethiopia

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http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201509213637
Title: A Step towards developing strategies for optimal allocation of irrigation water for food security : Farmers’ conceptions on key issues in Ethiopia
Author: Christersson, Jenni
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2015
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201509213637
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/156588
Thesis level: master's thesis
Abstract: This case study sheds new light on rural water use and related social, aconomic and environmental dimensions and proposes government intervention in order to ensure water rights and protect public value of fairness. The aim is to highlight farmers’ perspectives on irrigation water use and related obstacles, and specifically distinguish if views are connected to farmers’ underlying socioeconomic or agro-ecologic factors. For further considerations adaptive capacity of community for irrigation water fees is explored. The research material consists of semi-structured interviews for farmers (n=63), government organizations (n=3) and agricultural enterprises (n=2). Economic groups were formed via analysis of asset-based economic status. Grouping based on agricultural water use was conducted through categorization. Costs and lack of knowledge were identified as the main barriers for adopting advanced irrigation technology. The study showed prevailing allocation system is in need of reformation. When designing rural policy, farmers’ perceptions should be respected. Water allocation is considered unfair community-wide and social conflicts are largely faced. Those who do not suffer from conflicts are most commonly rich. Technology transfer offer potential benefits, but community needs to be mobilized. Grouping based on irrigation water usage may be used for targeting policies. Economic grouping may be used for distinguishing farmers’ behavior when designing change in economic conditions or conflict resolution strategy. The complementary role of this study is to bring out special focus on development for institutional capacity-building; strengthening the forcing nature of laws and user rights. This may reduce the attractiveness for corruption in the process. Under these conditions, the greatest benefits may be obtained by giving top priority instead of irrigation improvement, but conflict mediation and establishment of water markets.
Subject: Water allocation
irrigation
Ethiopia
fairness
equity
farmers perceptions
rural policy
Discipline: Växtproduktionsvetenskap
Plant Production Science
Kasvintuotantotieteet


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