Association between Dopamine Receptor D2 (DRD2) Variations rs6277 and rs1800497 and Cognitive Performance According to Risk Type for Psychosis : A Nested Case Control Study in a Finnish Population Sample

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/160385

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Ramsay , H , Barnett , J H , Miettunen , J , Mukkala , S , Maeki , P , Liuhanen , J , Murray , G K , Jarvelin , M-R , Ollila , H , Paunio , T & Veijola , J 2015 , ' Association between Dopamine Receptor D2 (DRD2) Variations rs6277 and rs1800497 and Cognitive Performance According to Risk Type for Psychosis : A Nested Case Control Study in a Finnish Population Sample ' , PLoS One , vol. 10 , no. 6 , 0127602 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127602

Title: Association between Dopamine Receptor D2 (DRD2) Variations rs6277 and rs1800497 and Cognitive Performance According to Risk Type for Psychosis : A Nested Case Control Study in a Finnish Population Sample
Author: Ramsay, Hugh; Barnett, Jennifer H.; Miettunen, Jouko; Mukkala, Sari; Maeki, Pirjo; Liuhanen, Johanna; Murray, Graham K.; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Ollila, Hanna; Paunio, Tiina; Veijola, Juha
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
University of Helsinki, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2015-06-26
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/160385
Abstract: Background There is limited research regarding the association between genes and cognitive intermediate phenotypes in those at risk for psychotic disorders. Methods We measured the association between established psychosis risk variants in dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) and cognitive performance in individuals at age 23 years and explored if associations between cognition and these variants differed according to the presence of familial or clinical risk for psychosis. The subjects of the Oulu Brain and Mind Study were drawn from the general population-based Northern Finland 1986 Birth Cohort (NFBC 1986). Using linear regression, we compared the associations between cognitive performance and two candidate DRD2 polymorphisms (rs6277 and rs1800497) between subjects having familial (n=61) and clinical (n=45) risk for psychosis and a random sample of participating NFBC 1986 controls (n=74). Cognitive performance was evaluated using a comprehensive battery of tests at follow-up. Results Principal components factor analysis supported a three-factor model for cognitive measures. The minor allele of rs6277 was associated with poorer performance on a verbal factor (p=0.003) but this did not significantly interact with familial or clinical risk for psychosis. The minor allele of rs1800497 was associated with poorer performance on a psychomotor factor (p=0.038), though only in those at familial risk for psychotic disorders (interaction p=0.049). Conclusion The effect of two DRD2 SNPs on cognitive performance may differ according to risk type for psychosis, suggesting that cognitive intermediate phenotypes differ according to the type (familial or clinical) risk for psychosis.
Subject: WORKING-MEMORY ABILITY
TRAUMATIC BRAIN-INJURY
NEUROCOGNITIVE DEFICITS
C957T POLYMORPHISM
PREFRONTAL CORTEX
ALZHEIMER-TYPE
YOUNG-PEOPLE
OULU BRAIN
SCHIZOPHRENIA
ATTENTION
3111 Biomedicine
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