Association between Ability Emotional Intelligence and Left Insula during Social Judgment of Facial Emotions

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Quarto , T , Blasi , G , Maddalena , C , Viscanti , G , Lanciano , T , Soleti , E , Mangiulli , I , Taurisano , P , Fazio , L , Bertolino , A & Curci , A 2016 , ' Association between Ability Emotional Intelligence and Left Insula during Social Judgment of Facial Emotions ' , PLoS One , vol. 11 , no. 2 , 0148621 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148621

Title: Association between Ability Emotional Intelligence and Left Insula during Social Judgment of Facial Emotions
Author: Quarto, Tiziana; Blasi, Giuseppe; Maddalena, Chiara; Viscanti, Giovanna; Lanciano, Tiziana; Soleti, Emanuela; Mangiulli, Ivan; Taurisano, Paolo; Fazio, Leonardo; Bertolino, Alessandro; Curci, Antonietta
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
Date: 2016-02-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/176849
Abstract: The human ability of identifying, processing and regulating emotions from social stimuli is generally referred as Emotional Intelligence (EI). Within EI, Ability EI identifies a performance measure assessing individual skills at perceiving, using, understanding and managing emotions. Previous models suggest that a brain "somatic marker circuitry" (SMC) sustains emotional sub-processes included in EI. Three primary brain regions are included: the amygdala, the insula and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). Here, our aim was to investigate the relationship between Ability EI scores and SMC activity during social judgment of emotional faces. Sixty-three healthy subjects completed a test measuring Ability EI and underwent fMRI during a social decision task (i.e. approach or avoid) about emotional faces with different facial expressions. Imaging data revealed that EI scores are associated with left insula activity during social judgment of emotional faces as a function of facial expression. Specifically, higher EI scores are associated with greater left insula activity during social judgment of fearful faces but also with lower activity of this region during social judgment of angry faces. These findings indicate that the association between Ability EI and the SMC activity during social behavior is region- and emotionspecific.
Subject: SOMATIC MARKER HYPOTHESIS
NEURAL CIRCUITRY
DECISION-MAKING
BRAIN ACTIVITY
MENTAL-HEALTH
TRAIT
AGGRESSION
RESPONSES
CORTEX
SCHIZOPHRENIA
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
515 Psychology
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