Additive QTLs on three chromosomes control flowering time in woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.)

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Samad , S , Kurokura , T , Koskela , E , Toivainen , T , Patel , V , Mouhu , K , Sargent , D J & Hytonen , T 2017 , ' Additive QTLs on three chromosomes control flowering time in woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) ' , Horticulture Research , vol. 4 , 17020 . https://doi.org/10.1038/hortres.2017.20

Title: Additive QTLs on three chromosomes control flowering time in woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.)
Author: Samad, Samia; Kurokura, Takeshi; Koskela, Elli; Toivainen, Tuomas; Patel, Vipul; Mouhu, Katriina; Sargent, Daniel James; Hytonen, Timo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Strawberry research group
Date: 2017-05-24
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Horticulture Research
ISSN: 2052-7276
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/193010
Abstract: Flowering time is an important trait that affects survival, reproduction and yield in both wild and cultivated plants. Therefore, many studies have focused on the identification of flowering time quantitative trait locus (QTLs) in different crops, and molecular control of this trait has been extensively investigated in model species. Here we report the mapping of QTLs for flowering time and vegetative traits in a large woodland strawberry mapping population that was phenotyped both under field conditions and in a greenhouse after flower induction in the field. The greenhouse experiment revealed additive QTLs in three linkage groups (LG), two on both LG4 and LG7, and one on LG6 that explain about half of the flowering time variance in the population. Three of the QTLs were newly identified in this study, and one co-localized with the previously characterized FvTFL1 gene. An additional strong QTL corresponding to previously mapped PFRU was detected in both field and greenhouse experiments indicating that gene(s) in this locus can control the timing of flowering in different environments in addition to the duration of flowering and axillary bud differentiation to runners and branch crowns. Several putative flowering time genes were identified in these QTL regions that await functional validation. Our results indicate that a few major QTLs may control flowering time and axillary bud differentiation in strawberries. We suggest that the identification of causal genes in the diploid strawberry may enable fine tuning of flowering time and vegetative growth in the closely related octoploid cultivated strawberry.
Subject: X ANANASSA DUCH.
PEACH PRUNUS-PERSICA
CULTIVATED STRAWBERRY
OCTOPLOID STRAWBERRY
LINKAGE MAP
DIPLOID STRAWBERRY
VEGETATIVE GROWTH
SIMPLE SEQUENCE
EVERBEARING STRAWBERRIES
CHILLING REQUIREMENT
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
415 Other agricultural sciences
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