FORUM : Indirect leakage leads to a failure of avoided loss biodiversity offsetting

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Moilanen , A & Laitila , J 2016 , ' FORUM : Indirect leakage leads to a failure of avoided loss biodiversity offsetting ' , Journal of Applied Ecology , vol. 53 , no. 1 , pp. 106-111 . https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12565

Title: FORUM : Indirect leakage leads to a failure of avoided loss biodiversity offsetting
Author: Moilanen, Atte; Laitila, Jussi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Biosciences
University of Helsinki, Biosciences
Date: 2016-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Journal of Applied Ecology
ISSN: 0021-8901
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/208496
Abstract: Biodiversity offsetting has quickly gained political support all around the world. Avoided loss (averted risk) offsetting means compensation for ecological damage via averted loss of anticipated impacts through the removal of threatening processes in compensation areas. Leakage means the phenomenon of environmentally damaging activity relocating elsewhere after being stopped locally by avoided loss offsetting. Indirect leakage means that locally avoided losses displace to other administrative areas or spread around diffusely via market effects. Synthesis and applications. Indirect leakage can lead to high net biodiversity loss. It is difficult to measure or prevent, raising doubts about the value of avoided loss offsetting. Market demand for commodities is on the rise, following increasing human population size and per capita consumption, implying that indirect leakage will be a rule rather than an exception. Leakage should be accounted for when determining offset multipliers (ratios) even if multipliers become extremely high.
Subject: activity shifting
averted risk
biodiversity offsetting
displacement
habitat bank
limited loss offsetting
no net loss
offset ratio
secondary leakage
sustainability
NO-NET-LOSS
FRAMEWORK
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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