Allochthonous Carbon-a Major Driver of Bacterioplankton Production in the Subarctic Northern Baltic Sea

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Figueroa , D , Rowe , O F , Paczkowska , J , Legrand , C & Andersson , A 2016 , ' Allochthonous Carbon-a Major Driver of Bacterioplankton Production in the Subarctic Northern Baltic Sea ' , Microbial Ecology , vol. 71 , no. 4 , pp. 789-801 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-015-0714-4

Title: Allochthonous Carbon-a Major Driver of Bacterioplankton Production in the Subarctic Northern Baltic Sea
Author: Figueroa, D.; Rowe, O. F.; Paczkowska, J.; Legrand, C.; Andersson, A.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
Date: 2016-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Microbial Ecology
ISSN: 0095-3628
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/212597
Abstract: Heterotrophic bacteria are, in many aquatic systems, reliant on autochthonous organic carbon as their energy source. One exception is low-productive humic lakes, where allochthonous dissolved organic matter (ADOM) is the major driver. We hypothesized that bacterial production (BP) is similarly regulated in subarctic estuaries that receive large amounts of riverine material. BP and potential explanatory factors were measured during May-August 2011 in the subarctic RAyenne Estuary, northern Sweden. The highest BP was observed in spring, concomitant with the spring river-flush and the lowest rates occurred during summer when primary production (PP) peaked. PLS correlations showed that similar to 60 % of the BP variation was explained by different ADOM components, measured as humic substances, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM). On average, BP was threefold higher than PP. The bioavailability of allochthonous dissolved organic carbon (ADOC) exhibited large spatial and temporal variation; however, the average value was low, similar to 2 %. Bioassay analysis showed that BP in the near-shore area was potentially carbon limited early in the season, while BP at seaward stations was more commonly limited by nitrogen-phosphorus. Nevertheless, the bioassay indicated that ADOC could contribute significantly to the in situ BP, similar to 60 %. We conclude that ADOM is a regulator of BP in the studied estuary. Thus, projected climate-induced increases in river discharge suggest that BP will increase in subarctic coastal areas during the coming century.
Subject: Allochthonous organic matter
Carbon utilization
Bacterioplankton production
Sub-arctic estuary
Baltic Sea
DISSOLVED ORGANIC-MATTER
BACTERIAL COMMUNITY COMPOSITION
FOOD-WEB STRUCTURE
INORGANIC NUTRIENTS
GROWTH EFFICIENCY
LAKE ECOSYSTEMS
MARINE SYSTEM
LAND-USE
BIOAVAILABILITY
PHYTOPLANKTON
1172 Environmental sciences
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