Prostate cancer-specific survival among warfarin users in the Finnish Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/219027

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BMC Cancer. 2017 Aug 29;17(1):585

Title: Prostate cancer-specific survival among warfarin users in the Finnish Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer
Author: Kinnunen, Pete T T; Murtola, Teemu J.; Talala, Kirsi; Taari, Kimmo; Tammela, Teuvo L. J.; Auvinen, Anssi
Publisher: BioMed Central
Date: 2017-08-29
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/219027
Abstract: Abstract Background Venous thromboembolic events (VTE) are common in cancer patients and associated with higher mortality. In vivo thrombosis and anticoagulation might be involved in tumor growth and progression. We studied the association of warfarin and other anticoagulant use as antithrombotic medication and prostate cancer (PCa) death in men with the disease. Methods The study included 6,537 men diagnosed with PCa during 1995-2009. Information on anticoagulant use was obtained from a national reimbursement registry. Cox regression with adjustment for age, PCa risk group, primary therapy and use of other medication was performed to compare risk of PCa death between warfarin users with 1) men using other types of anticoagulants and 2) non-users of anticoagulants. Medication use was analyzed as a time-dependent variable to minimize immortal time bias. Results In total, 728 men died from PCa during a median follow-up of 9 years. Compared to anticoagulant non-users, post-diagnostic use of warfarin was associated with an increased risk of PCa death (overall HR 1.47, 95% CI 1.13-1.93). However, this was limited to low-dose, low-intensity use. Otherwise, the risk was similar to anticoagulant non-users. Additionally, we found no risk difference between warfarin and other types of anticoagulants. Pre-diagnostic use of warfarin was not associated with the risk of PCa death. Conclusions We found no reduction in risk of PCa death associated with warfarin use. Conversely, the risk was increased in short-term use, which is probably explained by a higher risk of thrombotic events prompting warfarin use in patients with terminal PCa.
Subject: Prostate cancer
Warfarin
Anticoagulant
Survival
Cohort


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