Factors that Can Promote or Impede the Advancement of Women as Leaders in Surgery : Results from an International Survey

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Kawase , K , Carpelan-Holmstrom , M , Kwong , A & Sanfey , H 2016 , ' Factors that Can Promote or Impede the Advancement of Women as Leaders in Surgery : Results from an International Survey ' , World Journal of Surgery , vol. 40 , no. 2 , pp. 258-266 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-015-3332-x

Title: Factors that Can Promote or Impede the Advancement of Women as Leaders in Surgery : Results from an International Survey
Author: Kawase, Kazumi; Carpelan-Holmstrom, Monika; Kwong, Ava; Sanfey, Hilary
Contributor organization: Clinicum
Department of Surgery
Date: 2016-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: World Journal of Surgery
ISSN: 0364-2313
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-015-3332-x
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/223864
Abstract: Compared with male surgeons, women have less success advancing their careers and are underrepresented in leadership positions in surgery. The purpose of this study is to identify the qualifications necessary to become leaders in surgery and the career barriers faced by women surgeons in various cultural environments. A survey was performed with women surgeons in Japan, USA, Finland, and Hong Kong, China, to assess various barriers faced by women surgeons in the respective countries. To develop appropriate survey tool, a preliminary questionnaire was distributed to leaders in surgery and also in various organizations worldwide. The response rate was 23 % with 225 of 964 survey returned. Japanese women surgeons identify lacked family support as impeding a successful surgical career. US women surgeons feel more latent gender discrimination. Finnish women surgeons are less likely to need to sacrifice work-life balance, when holding leadership positions. Women surgeons worldwide are highly motivated to develop their career and agree the percentage of women surgeons in leadership positions should be increased. Women surgeons in different countries perceive different challenges. We must develop strategies and should not hesitate to negotiate to overcome these issues to reach leadership positions in surgery. This may be accomplished through networking worldwide to improve current conditions and obstacles.
Subject: WORK-LIFE BALANCE
GENDER-BASED DISCRIMINATION
HONG-KONG CHINA
ACADEMIC MEDICINE
PERCEPTIONS
CONFIDENCE
PHYSICIANS
RESIDENTS
CAREER
JAPAN
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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