A salutogenic approach to prevention of metabolic syndrome : a mixed methods population study

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Miettola , J & Viljanen , A M 2014 , ' A salutogenic approach to prevention of metabolic syndrome : a mixed methods population study ' , Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care , vol. 32 , no. 4 , pp. 217-225 . https://doi.org/10.3109/02813432.2014.982372

Title: A salutogenic approach to prevention of metabolic syndrome : a mixed methods population study
Author: Miettola, Juhani; Viljanen, Anna Maria
Contributor organization: Social and Cultural Anthropology
Date: 2014-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
ISSN: 0281-3432
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3109/02813432.2014.982372
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/225306
Abstract: Objective. To find a salutogenic approach for prevention of metabolic syndrome in primary care practice. Design. An explanatory sequential mixed-methods procedure was used to fi nd salutogenic approaches for lifestyle change by assessing individual need, potential, and personal motivation. Data from a population health survey and interviews that focused on a sense of coherence were analysed. Subjects. Altogether 480 Finnish subjects participated in a population health survey, and 43 of them were interviewed. The 43 interviewees' data were included in the fi nal analysis. Main outcome measures. With the health survey participants' liability for MetS was assessed, and the objective need for lifestyle intervention was determined. Through the focused interviews potential and personal motivation for lifestyle modifi cation were explored. Finally the data of the 43 interviewed subjects were merged. Results. Four possible lifestyle intervention approaches were identifi ed for specifi c intervention. First, subjects with a strong sense of coherence only need encouragement to maintain a healthy lifestyle; second, professional support was found important for subjects with gaps in health awareness to improve health understanding; third, strengthening of social support for lifestyle change is necessary for subjects with various practical constraints in their everyday life; and fourth, strengthening of stress adaptation is important for subjects with redundant concerns about their health. Conclusions. Salutogenic client-centred lifestyle modifi cation approaches should be part of primary care practice. Further, a cross-disciplinary approach is needed in primary care research and practice to combat the exploding lifestyle illnesses.
Subject: Finland
general practice
metabolic syndrome
mixed-methods research
3141 Health care science
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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