High prevalence of zoonotic trematodes in roach (Rutilus rutilus) in the Gulf of Finland

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Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. 2017 Nov 01;59(1):75

Title: High prevalence of zoonotic trematodes in roach (Rutilus rutilus) in the Gulf of Finland
Author: Näreaho, Anu; Eriksson-Kallio, Anna M; Heikkinen, Petra; Snellman, Anna; Sukura, Antti; Koski, Perttu
Publisher: BioMed Central
Date: 2017-11-01
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/228317
Abstract: Abstract The intention to increase roach (Rutilus rutilus) consumption is in focus for ecological and economic reasons in Finland. However, its safety as food has not been considered comprehensively. We collected and artificially digested 85 roach halves originating from the south-eastern coast of Finland, and found trematode metacercariae in 98.8% of the samples. Based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing of amplicons generated from the ITS2 gene region, zoonotic parasites of the family Opistorchiidae were identified as Pseudamphistomum truncatum and Metorchis bilis, and also non-zoonotic Holostephanus dubinini (family Cyathocotylidae) and Posthodiplostomum spp. (family Diplostomidae) were identified. The species identity of other trematodes found is currently being investigated. Mixed infections of several trematode species were common. The prevalence of morphologically identified zoonotic P. truncatum was 46%, and zoonotic M. bilis was found in one sequence sample. The high prevalence of zoonotic trematode metacercariae in roach from the Gulf of Finland is alarming. Only thoroughly cooked roach products can be recommended for human or animal consumption from the area.
Subject: Holostephanus dubinini
Metorchis bilis
Pseudamphistomum truncatum

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