A demonstration area for type 2 diabetes prevention in Barranquilla and Juan Mina (Colombia) Baseline characteristics of the study participants

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Acosta , T , Barengo , N C , Arrieta , A , Ricaurte , C & Tuomilehto , J O 2018 , ' A demonstration area for type 2 diabetes prevention in Barranquilla and Juan Mina (Colombia) Baseline characteristics of the study participants ' , Medicine (Baltimore) , vol. 97 , no. 1 , 9285 . https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000009285

Title: A demonstration area for type 2 diabetes prevention in Barranquilla and Juan Mina (Colombia) Baseline characteristics of the study participants
Author: Acosta, Tania; Barengo, Noel C.; Arrieta, Astrid; Ricaurte, Carlos; Tuomilehto, Jaakko O.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2018-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Medicine (Baltimore)
ISSN: 0025-7974
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/232716
Abstract: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) imposes a heavy public health burden in both developed and developing countries. It is necessary to understand the effect of T2D in different settings and population groups. This report aimed to present baseline characteristics of study participants in the demonstration area for the Type 2 Diabetes Prevention in Barranquilla and Juan Mina (DEMOJUAN) project after randomization and to compare their fasting and 2-hour glucose levels according to lifestyle and T2D risk factor levels. The DEMOJUAN project is a randomized controlled field trial. Study participants were recruited from study sites using population-wide screening using the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) questionnaire. All volunteers with FINDRISC of >= 13 points were invited to undergo an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Participant inclusion criteria for the upcoming field trial were either FINDRISC of >= 13 points and 2-hour post-challenge glucose level of 7.0 to 11.0mmol/L or FINDRISC of >= 13 points and fasting plasma glucose level of 6.1 to 6.9mmol/L. Lifestyle habits and risk factors for T2D were assessed by trained interviewers using a validated questionnaire. Among the 14,193 participants who completed the FINDRISC questionnaire, 35% (n=4915) had a FINDRISC score of >= 13 points and 47% (n=2306) agreed to undergo the OGTT. Approximately, 33% (n=772) of participants underwent the OGTT and met the entry criteria; these participants were randomized into 3 groups. There were no statistically significant differences found in anthropometric or lifestyle risk factors, distribution of the glucose metabolism categories, or other diabetes risk factors between the 3 groups (P>.05). Women with a past history of hyperglycaemia had significantly higher fasting glucose levels than those without previous hyperglycaemia (103 vs 99mg/dL; P Lifestyle habits and risk factors were evenly distributed among the 3 study groups. No differences were found in fasting or 2-hour glucose levels among different lifestyle or risk factor categories with the exception of body mass index, past history of hyperglycaemia, and age of 64 years in women.
Subject: Colombia
nutrition
physical activity
primary healthcare
IMPAIRED GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
LIFE-STYLE-INTERVENTION
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
HEART-DISEASE
LEISURE-TIME
METFORMIN
SCORE
INDIVIDUALS
MELLITUS
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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