Genotyping and phylogenetic placement of Bacillus anthracis isolates from Finland, a country with rare anthrax cases

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/274991
Title: Genotyping and phylogenetic placement of Bacillus anthracis isolates from Finland, a country with rare anthrax cases
Author: Lienemann, Taru; Beyer, Wolfgang; Pelkola, Kirsti; Rossow, Heidi; Rehn, Alexandra; Antwerpen, Markus; Grass, Gregor
Publisher: BioMed Central
Date: 2018
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/274991
Abstract: Anthrax, the zoonotic disease caused by the gram-positive bacterium Bacillus anthracis, is nowadays rare in northern parts of Europe including Finland and Scandinavia. Only two minor outbreaks of anthrax in 1988 and in 2004 and one sporadic infection in 2008 have been detected in animals in Finland since the 1970’s. Here, we report on two Finnish B. anthracis strains that were isolated from spleen and liver of a diseased calf related to the outbreak in 1988 (strain HKI4363/88) and from a local scrotum and testicle infection of a bull in 2008 (strain BA2968). These infections occurred in two rural Finnish regions, i.e., Ostrobothnia in western Finland and Päijänne Tavastia in southern Finland, respectively.
Subject: Bacillus anthracis
Finland
Whole genome sequencing (WGS)
Comparative genomics
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)
Multiple locus variable number of tandem repeat analysis (VNTR, MLVA)


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